America’s Unknown Intelligence Czar

George Henry Sharpe’s Bureau of Military Information helped win the Civil War—and is especially worth remembering today

To the student of intelligence history, there has been something eerily familiar in the recent headlines about American intelligence failures. Panels investigating weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and the September 11 terrorist attacks have zeroed in on a bugbear that has plagued America’s spy business many times in the past, from the Battle of Bull Run to Pearl Harbor to the Cold War.

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