Contract

Date:
6/29/1865

Oath of Allegiance with a Certificate of Release for a Prisoner of War on the reverse. Two pages adhered together, on the right side of the Allegiance Oath. "Oath and Parole" printed on the reverse of the "Certificate of Release." The Allegiance Oath has the heading "United States of America" followed by an oath filled in with "James L. Martin" and his county in Mississippi. Signed twice by James L. Martin, lower signature is scratched out. Dated 29th June 1865 with the signature of A.C. Brady, the Provost Marshall. Has Martin's physical characteristics filled in at the bottom. The "Certificate of Release" is filled in for "June 29, 1865" for "Jas L. Martin". Printed "Headquarters Point Lookout, MD" at the top. The seal with the side view of an eagle is printed on the top left side. The bottom left side is stamped "A.C. Brady/June 29, 1865/Major & Provost Marshal." Stamped on the bottom right side, "Registered at Provost Marshal's Office/Washington, DC/June 30." Part of the 2nd and 3rd lines of the release are scratched out with red lines.

Description (physical):

Paper.

Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Identifier:
2001.001.002
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

Form, Ordnance

Date:
12/31/1863

Quarterly return of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores. Roster for Co. F, 2nd Regiment, Rhode Island Vol. Infantry. For 4th quarter 1863. Roster lists Ordnance Classes, tallies types and numbers received and issued to Regiment. Signed by Henry K. Southwick, 1st Lt., 2nd R.I. Vols. at Brandy Station VA, Dec. 31, 1863. Document folded in half then in thirds, cover sheet facing outwards.

Description (physical):

Paper. 10 5/8" x 19"

Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Identifier:
1998.072.005.B
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

Book

Date:
1863

Pocket size New Testament with leather covers. Translated from Greek. Published by the American Bible Society, New York, 1863.

Description (physical):

.

Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Identifier:
1998.061.003
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

From Winchester To Cedar Creek: The Shenandoah Campaign Of 1864

Date:
1989
Creator:
Wert, Jeffry D.
Publisher/Studio:
New York: Simon & Schuster Inc.

Jeffry D. Wert examines the severe defeat of Jubal Early's Confederate army in From Winchester to Cedar Creek: The Shenandoah Campaign of 1864. Up to this point the Shenandoah Valley proved a symbol of Southern victory, but it would not remain unconquered. Union General Philip Sheridan would receive contemporary and historic renown from his accomplishments. This campaign in August through October 1864, shattered the stalemate in Virginia. Though historians in the past have, according to Wert, neglected the final campaign for the Shenandoah Valley, he argues that the campaign's outcome ensured Southern defeat in Virginia. He also shows that although the number of troops engaged and the casualties they suffered did not rival other major engagements, the fighting in the Valley "was some of the bloodiest of the war in relation to the numbers engaged and casualties inflicted." The idea of the campaign into the Shenandoah Valley began with the gambling strategy of Robert E. Lee. He had refashioned the campaign led into the Valley by Stonewall Jackson two years earlier. The early success of the Confederates in the Valley during the summer of 1864 brought a response from Ulysses S. Grant as the political and military stakes became extremely high for both sides. "If the summer stalemate in Virginia were to be broken, it would be beyond the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Shenandoah Valley." For the first time Union authorities brought a command in strength, leadership, and combat ability worthy of strategic value into the Shenandoah Valley. The Army of the Shenandoah exceeded any previous Union forces in the region in numbers alone and the Confederate Army of the Valley failed to compare in numbers of effectiveness to this new Union army. When Grant handed Sheridan his orders on August 6, 1864, he had determined to change the past and had created a new weapon for the task in the new Army of the Shenandoah. His orders meant a hard campaign in the Valley lay ahead. The constant shifting and counter shifting of troops into the region by both Lee and Grant showed how the operations at Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley were intertwined. When Sheridan and Early first met at the Battle of Third Winchester it ended in a disaster for Early's Confederate troops. The Yankees attributed the victory to Sheridan who overlooked a series of flaws and blunders that would have caused a disastrous defeat had he not held such superior numbers. Still, he could afford these mistakes because he held a three to one advantage. This battle showed characteristics of Sheridan that not only contributed to this victory but would also impact the remainder of the campaign. "He possessed a remarkable sense of ebb and flow of an engagement, grasping the key to changing situations and implementing new tactical arrangements for those circumstance." He also had a charismatic presence that inspired his troops. Jubal Early, on the other hand, had suffered the first loss in a major engagement for a Confederate general in the Shenandoah Valley. His soldiers realized this and doubts began to grow in the minds of Early's men about the competence of his generalship. At Fisher's Hill, unlike at Winchester, Sheridan beat Early with superior generalship. In the span of one week Early's army had been beaten at Winchester, routed at Fisher's Hill, and almost pushed out of the Valley altogether. For three months of the campaign Jubal Early accomplished Lee's risky designs through hard marching, tough fighting and daring bluff. Yet, in the end, this was not enough against the odds that faced the Confederates. Ultimately the Army of the Shenandoah conquered what had previously proved unconquerable. With the Confederate defeat at Cedar Creek, the Union army sealed the fate of the Army of the Valley. After this final defeat the Confederates finally retired from the Shenandoah Valley. Wert gives a complete and detailed account of the Shenandoah Campaign in 1864. He chronicles the battles that ultimately ended in the expelling of the Confederate Army of the Valley from the region. Here he successfully argues that the campaign's result ensured Southern defeat in Virginia and shows the desire of both Grant and Lee to use the Shenandoah Valley to end the stalemate in Petersburg.

Description (physical):

Softbound, 6" x 9", 325 p.

Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

The Battle Of The Wilderness

Creator:
Media Magic
Publisher/Studio:
:

A feature-length documentary on the beginning of the end of the American Civil War; the two-day engagement in the wilderness of central Virginia. Filmed on location. With historians James I. Robertson, Jr., Gordon C. Rhea, David Finney, and John Heiser.

Description (physical):

Tape VHS

Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

Glory

Date:
1989
Creator:
Zwick, Edward
Publisher/Studio:
Hollywood: Tristar Pictures

The heart-stopping story of the first black regiment to fight for the North in the Civil War.

Description (physical):

1 DVD; digital; 4.75"

Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

Destruction Of The Weldon Railroad, The

Date:
1991
Creator:
Horn, John
Publisher/Studio:
Lynchburg, VA: H. E. Howard, Inc.
Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

Four Months In Libby, And The Campaign Against Atlanta

Date:
1864
Creator:
Johnston, Capt. I. N.
Publisher/Studio:
Cincinnati, OH: Printed at the Mehodist Book Concern, for the Author
Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

Army Life of an Illinois Soldier, Including a Day-to-Day Record of Sherman's March to the Sea

Date:
1996
Creator:
Kellogg, Mary E.
Publisher/Studio:
Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press
Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier

The Battle Of The Crater

Date:
1995
Creator:
Kinard, Jeff
Publisher/Studio:
Fort Worth, TX: Ryan Place Publishers
Location:
6125 Boydton Plank Rd.Petersburg,Virginia 23803
Institution:
Pamplin Historical Park and the National Museum of the Civil War Soldier