Surgeon's Kit

Dr. C. Lewett used this U.S. Army regulation surgeon's case. He served with the 16th Massachusetts Infantry from 1861 - 1864. The U.S. government supplied surgical instruments to each medical officer. They were contained in different types of cases depending upon whether their use was for a major or minor operation.

Description (physical):

Mahogany, brass, velvet. L 42.9, W 16.7 D 11.3 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0005
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Bincoculars And Case

Creator:
Lemaire Fabt, Paris

This pair of binoculars belonged to Captain William T. Rigby.

Description (physical):

Binoculars: Leather, metal, glass. L 19.4, W 13.0, H 6.4 cm; Leather, metal. Case: L 14.2,W 7.7, H 19.3; Strap: L 78.5,W 1.3 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0004
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Grand Army Of The Republic Medal

Date:
c. 1866

This medal belonged to William T. Rigby. It carries the inscription, "Grand Army of the Republic, 1861, Veteran, 1866"

Description (physical):

Metal, cloth. L 20.0, W 3.3 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0003
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Safety Lamp

Date:
c. 1862

The safety lamp was used in the powder room of the Cairo to light the magazine. It was placed inside of a box that was part of the magazine bulkhead. It was lined with soldered sheets of copper, and when in use had a few drops of water in it. To throw as much light as possible into the magazine room, the bulkhead opening was covered by two panes of glasses. The glass closest to the magazine was framed and easily removed. A small dome or reversed funnel of copper was placed above the lamp and fitted with a pipe to redirect the smoke.

Description (physical):

Copper, wood, L 6, Tube Dia 6, L 29.5, W 25.2, Th 2.4 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0002
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Grenades

Date:
c. 1862

These Ketcham grenades were discovered aboard Cairo. The grenade has an open hole in one end. The plunger shaft fitted in this hole. They were used in siege operations at Port Hudson, Vicksburg and Petersburg. During the Civil War, hand-grenades were still in the early phases of development. However, they were unreliable because their fuses often made them more dangerous for the thrower than for those receiving the grenade.

Description (physical):

Iron. L 10, Dia 4 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0016
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Knife

Date:
c. 1861
Creator:
U.S. Navy

Many of these square bladed knives used for cutting rope were found on board the Cairo.

Description (physical):

Ferrous metal. L 2.11, W 2.9 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0017
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Firing Mechanism

This firing mechanism or gun lock is from a 32 PDR (Pounder) Cannon. The navy locks recovered from the Cairo are the type patented by E. Hidden. The gun lock was designed to ignite the charge by the blow of a piece of metal known as the hammer.

Description (physical):

Brass. L 16, Hole Dia 1.1 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0018
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Hairbrush

Date:
c. 1850s

This wooden hairbrush back was recovered from Cairo without its bristles.

Description (physical):

Wood. L 2.8, W 6.4 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0033
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Toothbrush

Date:
c. 1862

Miraculously, wooden toothbrushes survived, albeit without their bristles, even after having rested on the bottom of the Yazoo River for over 100 years.

Description (physical):

Wood. L 15.4; W 1,3 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0032
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Cairo Hatband

Date:
c. 1855
Description (physical):

Cloth. L 42.2 cm, W 3.7 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0031
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park