Excerpt From The War Of The Rebellion Records

Date:
C. 1860s

This is one of the 128 books from The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, commonly referred to as the Official Records or, simply the "O.R." Almost 2,000 pages of reports and correspondence went into the two volumes of the O.R. related to General Robert E. Lee's Maryland Campaign. A significant number of these documents focused on the Battle of Harpers Ferry and its aftermath, including the "Record of the Harpers Ferry Military Commission," a comprehensive military investigation of the battle.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0038
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General William Franklin USA (1823-1903)

Date:
C. 1860s

On September 13, 1862, William B. Franklin became a key player in the Union effort to foil the first Confederate invasion of the North. General Franklin's orders included a series of lengthy and detailed instructions, not the least of which was the reinforcement of the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry. But before that could happen, Franklin had to seize Crampton's gap on top of South Mountain, drive the Confederates into the Potomac River to the south and prepare for the possibility of another enemy force marching toward him from the north. Franklin outnumbered his opponent almost four to one. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0037
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General George McClellan USA (1826-1885)

Date:
C. 1860s

After the defeat at Second Manassas, Northern soldiers needed an inspirational figure to lead them against the first Confederate invasion of the North. The various Union forces in the east also needed a skilled organizer to mold them into an efficient military machine. Against strong opposition from several members of his cabinet, President Abraham Lincoln returned General George B. McClellan to command. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0036
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General Robert E. Lee CSA (1807-1870)

Date:
C. 1860s

The future of the first Confederate military campaign into Northern territory depended entirely upon Robert E. Lee's plan to deal with the Union soldiers at Harpers Ferry. Before he could pursue his goal to invade Pennsylvania and destroy the Union army in a pitched battle, Lee had to eliminate the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry. Lee's daring plan to capture Harpers Ferry divided his army into four parts separated by mountains and rivers. He knew that his soldiers were tired and poorly fed, and that many of them had been marching barefoot for six weeks. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0035
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General Lafayette McLaws CSA (1821-1897)

Date:
C. 1860s

General Lafayette McLaws was stretched to the limit during the attack on Harpers Ferry. His primary objective was to capture Maryland Heights and use the high ground to deploy artillery for the bombardment of the Union troops below. But, after defeating the Northern forces on the Heights in a sharp engagement, McLaws also had to battle the force of gravity. A road had to be cut up the steep hillside before he could move his artillery from the valley floor to the mountaintop. McLaws sent four cannon to the crest, but it took 200 men to pull each piece up the slope. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0032
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Union General-in-Chief Henry Halleck

Date:
C. 1860s

Union General-in-Chief Henry Halleck quickly identified the need to check the September 1862 Confederate advance into Maryland. He remarked, "There is every probability that the enemy, baffled in his intended capture of Washington, will cross the Potomac, and make a raid into Maryland or Pennsylvania. A moveable army must be immediately organized to meet him again in the field."

Location:
Harpers Ferry, West Virginia 25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0030
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Skirmish Between Brooklyn 14th And 300 Rebel Cavalry

Creator:
Alfred R. Waud (1828-1891)

In this reproduction of a sketch, Union and Confederate soldiers engage in fierce combat in close quarters. This confrontation occurred at the Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862).

Description (physical):

H: 8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0035
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Burnside Bridge (sketch)

Creator:
Edwin Forbes (1839-1895)

This preliminary sketch for the work "Burnside Bridge" (see 2010.0002.0031) shows Union forces under Brig. Gen. Ambrose Burnside charging a bridge at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862. Fighting on the bridge was so fierce and so protracted that the site would subsequently be known as "Burnside Bridge."

Description (physical):

H: 8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0036
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Burying The Dead

Creator:
Walton Taber

A reproduction of a work depicting a Union burial team after the Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862).

Description (physical):

H: 8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0038
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Bloody Lane

Creator:
Walton Taber

A reproduction of a work depicting Union dead in a trench after the Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862). Inspired by a photograph taken after the battle (see 2010.0002.0050).

Description (physical):

H: 8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0039
Institution:
American Heritage Archives