Hicks, Thomas Holliday (1798-1865)

Date:
1867
Creator:
Harley, James K. (1829-1889)

Thomas Holliday Hicks (1798-1865) was the thirty-first governor of Maryland. He served from 1858-1862, and was a staunch Unionist in the years preceding the outbreak of the Civil War.

Description (physical):

oil on canvas 105 x 69 3/4 (sight); frame: 128 3/4 x 92 3/4

Location:
100 State Circle, Annapolis, Maryland, 21401
Identifier:
MSA SC 1545-1-1175
Institution:
Maryland State House

New York City Draft Riots

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0066
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
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General Lafayette McLaws CSA (1821-1897)

Date:
C. 1860s

General Lafayette McLaws was stretched to the limit during the attack on Harpers Ferry. His primary objective was to capture Maryland Heights and use the high ground to deploy artillery for the bombardment of the Union troops below. But, after defeating the Northern forces on the Heights in a sharp engagement, McLaws also had to battle the force of gravity. A road had to be cut up the steep hillside before he could move his artillery from the valley floor to the mountaintop. McLaws sent four cannon to the crest, but it took 200 men to pull each piece up the slope. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0032
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Colonel Dixon Miles USA (1804-1862)

Date:
C. 1860s

Colonel Dixon S. Miles' 43-year military career ended in disgrace at Harpers Ferry on September 15, 1862. His professional life before the Civil War did not foreshadow such an unfortunate end. Born in Baltimore County, Maryland, in 1804, Miles began his military training at West Point at the age of 15. He devoted his life to the army and entered the Mexican War as a captain in 1846. He earned two promotions for bravery and was one of only 22 colonels in the U.S. Army when the Civil War began in 1861. At the first battle of Bull Run, however, Colonel Miles was accused of drunkenness. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0033
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson CSA (1824-1863)

Date:
C. 1860s

Robert E. Lee could not have selected a more qualified officer than Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to command the Southern attack on Harpers Ferry in September 1862. Jackson knew Harpers Ferry well. He started his career in the Confederate army there when the Civil War began. During his tenure as the commanding officer at Harpers Ferry in 1861, Jackson became intimately familiar with the unique landscape. During the attack on Harpers Ferry in 1862, he combined his knowledge of the local terrain with his skill as a former professor of artillery tactics. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0034
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General Robert E. Lee CSA (1807-1870)

Date:
C. 1860s

The future of the first Confederate military campaign into Northern territory depended entirely upon Robert E. Lee's plan to deal with the Union soldiers at Harpers Ferry. Before he could pursue his goal to invade Pennsylvania and destroy the Union army in a pitched battle, Lee had to eliminate the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry. Lee's daring plan to capture Harpers Ferry divided his army into four parts separated by mountains and rivers. He knew that his soldiers were tired and poorly fed, and that many of them had been marching barefoot for six weeks. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0035
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General George McClellan USA (1826-1885)

Date:
C. 1860s

After the defeat at Second Manassas, Northern soldiers needed an inspirational figure to lead them against the first Confederate invasion of the North. The various Union forces in the east also needed a skilled organizer to mold them into an efficient military machine. Against strong opposition from several members of his cabinet, President Abraham Lincoln returned General George B. McClellan to command. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0036
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General William Franklin USA (1823-1903)

Date:
C. 1860s

On September 13, 1862, William B. Franklin became a key player in the Union effort to foil the first Confederate invasion of the North. General Franklin's orders included a series of lengthy and detailed instructions, not the least of which was the reinforcement of the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry. But before that could happen, Franklin had to seize Crampton's gap on top of South Mountain, drive the Confederates into the Potomac River to the south and prepare for the possibility of another enemy force marching toward him from the north. Franklin outnumbered his opponent almost four to one. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0037
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General Julius White

Date:
C. 1860s
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0022
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
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Colonel Jesse Segoine

Date:
C. 1860s

Sometime between 9 and 10 p.m. on September 14, fighting broke out along the Union skirmish line on the western slope of Bolivar Heights. Colonel Jesse Segoine's 111th New York held the center of the line. During this final infantry engagement Segoine came to the aid of Private James O'Hara and loaded a rifle for the disabled infantryman who had no right thumb.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0023
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park