Letter identifying John Brown's Sharps carbine

Date:
C. 1870
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0063
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Read more »

Sharps Model 1853

Date:
C. 1850s
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0061
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Read more »

Max Barber

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0052
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Read more »

Portrait Of Edmund Ruffin

In his diary, Edmund Ruffin, a well known Virginia agriculturalist and staunch secessionist, wrote about John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry:
"…it really seems now most probable that the outbreak was planned & instigated by northern abolitionists, & with the expectation of thus starting a general slave insurrection. I earnestly hope that such may be the truth of the case. Such a practical exercise of abolition principles is needed to stir the sluggish blood of the south." Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0090
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Portrait Of Dangerfield Newby

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0089
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Read more »

Kennedy Farmhouse Stove

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0088
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Read more »

Sledge Hammer Used By Marines

Marines stormed the enginehouse with sledge hammers in an attempt to break down the doors. According to one marine, the sledge hammers made "very little impression" on the thick oak doors. Eventually, the marines used a ladder as a battering ram to gain entry.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0087
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Portrait Of Ruth Thompson

In John Brown's will of December 1, 1859, dated one day beffore his execution, he states: "I give to my daughter Ruth Thompson my large old Bible, containing the family record." Ruth Thompson was Brown's oldest surviving daughter.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0086
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

John Brown's Bible

The Bible directed John Brown's adult life. A stern Calvinist by temperament and outlook, he was not a formal member of any organized church. Still, Brown read the Bible daily, receiving inspiration from both the Old and New Testaments. Brown marked passages which spoke to him in his family Bible.
Although slavery often is condoned in the Bible, Brown believed that the Golden Rule--Do unto others as you would have them do unto you--implicitly condemned slavery. In Brown's eyes, God supported violence in the service of a just cause. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0085
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Sword From "Bleeding Kansas"

Incidents between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers in Kansas becaame increasingly violent during the mid-1850s. By May 1856, pro-slavery forces had rigged elections, terrorized anti-slavery settlers, burned the city of Lawrence and killed many free-state advocates. John Brown, determined to retaliate, led his militia company, the Liberty Guards, along Pottawatomie Creek in late May. There, the armed band killed five pro-slavery settlers, none of whom owned slaves. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0084
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park