Spanish 12 Pounder Bronze Gun

Date:
November 21, 1803
Publisher/Studio:
Barcelona

This 12-pounder, made at Barcelona on 21 November 1803, is slightly shorter than No. 14 and lacks a vent astragal and chase girdle; handles have also been omitted. A prominent vertical cutaway in the breech face, to the right of the cascabel knob, took a rear sight; three semicircular recesses at the sides of the cutaway evidently matched lugs on the sight base. Three screw holes show where a front sight was mounted on the right rimbase. The royal cipher is that of Charles IV (1788-1808). This gun was originally mounted in the defenses of Manila and was taken when the city fell to Dewey in 1898.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-EK
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Spanish 12 Pounder Bronze Gun

Date:
March 28, 1795
Publisher/Studio:
Barcelona

This Spanish 12-pounder, is named GENEROSO (Generous), presumably for its readiness to dispense its iron favors. Cast at Barcelona on 28 March 1795, it bears the serial number 2673 on the breech ring. A large elevated vent piece has been added at some time after the manufacture, and the vent field (on the top of the vent piece) is shaped to correspond with a flint firing lock. The holes drilled in the right side of the vent piece, with the cutaway in the gun tube beside it, were intended to accommodate the lock. This gun is believed to have been captured at Derna during the war with Tripoli and brought to the United States late in 1805 in the brig Franklin.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-AG
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Spanish 27 Pounder Bronze Gun

Date:
1788
Publisher/Studio:
Barcelona

This can, appropriately, be called a "Decatur gun." No. 13 is a Spanish 27-pounder gun, cast at Barcelona in 1788 for King Charles III; it armed a gunboat captured in hand-to-hand combat by Decatur at Tripoli on 3 August 1804. Named CORZO (the male roe deer, with the connotation of swiftness), this Spanish gun has the vent astragal and chase girdle characteristic of 18th-century ordnance but is functional in line.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-L
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Spanish 27 Pounder Bronze Gun

Date:
1788
Publisher/Studio:
Barcelona

This can, appropriately, be called a "Decatur gun." No. 10 is a Spanish 27-pounder gun, cast at Barcelona in 1788 for King Charles III; it armed a gunboat captured in hand-to-hand combat by Decatur at Tripoli on 3 August 1804. Named CAMILLO (the Christian name Camillus), this Spanish gun has the vent astragal and chase girdle characteristic of 18th-century ordnance but is functional in line.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-J
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Spanish 6 Pounder Bronze Gun

Date:
1686
Creator:
Andres Melendez

This is the oldest piece in Leutze Park, a Spanish 6-pounder saker cast by Andres Melendez in 1686 for King Charles II (1665-1700), whose arms it bears in high relief on the first reinforce. The founder's name appears around the neck of the muzzle; the gun is named, as many period guns were. It honors Saint Bruno, 11th-century scholar and founder of the Carthusian monastic order; S BRVNO (San Bruno) is cast into the second reinforce. The arms on the chase are those of the official in charge of the royal ordnance or in command of the service for which the gun was made. When this gun was cast, artillery pieces were still described by names which generally indicated their caliber and proportion. This 3.69-inch, 6-pounder weapon is 23 calibers long falling into the category of gun called sacre (saker). A sacre was lighter than the media culebrina (demiculverin), and heavier than a falcon. Its muzzle is strengthened by reinforcing bands or rings, rather than by the bell-shaped muzzle swell seen on later pieces; muzzle rings characterize guns cast into the first quarter of the 18th century.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-AE
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Spanish 12 Pounder Bronze Gun

Date:
June 6, 1767
Publisher/Studio:
Barcelona

The legend cast into the breech ring of this Spanish 12-pounder gun shows that it was made at Barcelona on 6 June 1767. The royal cipher on the first reinforce is translated C III R, or Carolus III Rex, for Charles III, King of Spain form 1759 to 1788. Like many Continental guns, this one has an individual name cast into its chase. The name EL ALANO means a mastiff, a large hunting dog; not an inappropriate name for a piece of heavy ordnance. A 12-pounder gun would be considered heavy at this time for field use, but would be suitable for siege and garrison service and might be used in larger warships. It was sent to the Philippines for use in the defenses of Manila and was captured there by Rear Admiral Dewey in 1898. This cannon is currently undergoing conservation.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-N
Institution:
Naval Historical Center