Garrison Flag

Date:
c. 1860

Major Robert Anderson raised this large garrison flag over the unfinished Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor on December 26, 1860. It was flying on April 12, 1861 when the Confederate forces began firing on the fort.

Description (physical):

Wool bunting. 19' 1" x 24' 1"

Location:
1214 Middle Street Sullivan's Island,South Carolina 29482
Identifier:
2010.0006.0006
Institution:
Fort Sumter National Monument

Storm Flag

Date:
c. 1860

After the garrison flag (see previous flag) that was flying over Fort Sumter had ripped, soldiers raised this smaller storm flag in its place.

Description (physical):

8' x 14'

Location:
1214 Middle Street Sullivan's Island,South Carolina 29482
Identifier:
2010.0006.0007
Institution:
Fort Sumter National Monument

Manassas, Va. Men Of Co. C, 41st New York Infantry

Date:
July 1862
Creator:
Timothy H. O' Sullivan, (1840-1882)

This photograph depicts Company C of the 41st New York Infantry Regiment. Timothy H. O' Sullivan took this photograph prior to the disastrous Battle of Second Manassas.

Description (physical):

Glass, wet collodion

Location:
10 1st St SE Washington,District of Columbia 20003
Identifier:
LC-DIG-cwpb-04017
Institution:
Library of Congress

Antietam, Md. Blacksmith Shoeing Horses At Headquarters, Army Of The Potomac

Date:
September 1862
Creator:
Alexander Gardner, (1821-1882)

This photograph captures blacksmiths shoeing horses during the Antietam Campaign for General McClellan's Army of the Potomac. Not every enlisted man fought in the infantry; the army had specific needs for artisans.

Description (physical):

Glass, wet collodion

Location:
10 1st St SE Washington,District of Columbia 20003
Identifier:
LC-DIG-cwpb-04335
Institution:
Library of Congress

Antietam, Md. Col. John S. Crocker, Lt. Col. Benjamin C. Butler, And Adjutant Of 93d New York Volunteers

Date:
September 1862
Creator:
Alexander Gardner, (1821-1882)

This photograph shows Union officers relaxing during the Antietam Campaign. The Campaign, General Robert E. Lee's first advance across the Potomac River, saw both sides sustain heavy casualties, and Lee retreated after a tactical draw at Antietam.

Description (physical):

Glass, stereograph; wet collodion

Location:
10 1st St SE Washington,District of Columbia 20003
Identifier:
LC-DIG-cwpb-00281
Institution:
Library of Congress

Lt. Rufus King, Lt. Alonzo Cushing, Lt. Evan Thomas And Three Other Artillery Officers In Front Of Tent, Antietam, Md.

Date:
1862

This photograph shows Union artillery officers during the Antietam Campaign. Lt. Rufus King was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Seven Days Battle, and Lt. Alonzo Cushing was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor after being mortally wounded defending his artillery battery at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Description (physical):

Photographic Print

Location:
10 1st St SE Washington,District of Columbia 20003
Identifier:
LC-USZ62-67904
Institution:
Library of Congress

Harper's Ferry, As Evacuated by the Confederate Troops

Date:
July 6, 1861
Publisher/Studio:
Harper's Weekly

This reproduction of a print in Harper's Weekly shows a view of the confluence of the Potomac and the Shenandoah Rivers to the east of Harper's Ferry. Soldiers mull about; a lone cannon sits in the foreground. Confederates moved the arms stored at the Harpers Ferry arsenal to a more secure location in the Confederate capital of Richmond in 1861. The Confederate and Union armies would meet near the city for the Battle of Harpers Ferry on September 12-15, 1862.

Description (physical):

H: 8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0006
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Hooker's Corps Crossing Antietam Creek

Creator:
Edwin Forbes (1839-1895)

This reproduction of a print by American landscape painter and etcher Edwin Forbes (1839-1895) shows soldiers under the command of Major General Joseph Hooker crossing Antietam Creek. At the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, his corps launched the first assault of the bloodiest day in American history, driving south into the corps of Lt. Gen. Stonewall Jackson, where they fought each other to a standstill. Hooker, aggressive and inspiring to his men, left the battle early in the morning with a foot wound. He asserted that the battle would have been a decisive Union victory if he had managed to stay on the field, but General McClellan's caution once again failed the Northern troops and Lee's much smaller army eluded destruction.

Description (physical):

H: 6 1/2", W: 9 1/4"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0007
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Destruction of the Railroad Bridge over the Potomac, at Harper's Ferry, by the Rebels, June 15, 1861

Date:
June 15, 1861
Publisher/Studio:
Harper's Weekly

This reproduction of a print in Harper's Weekly shows soldiers observing an explosion on a railroad bridge in Harpers Ferry. Confederates moved the arms stored at the Harpers Ferry arsenal to a more secure location in the Confederate capital of Richmond in 1861. The Confederate and Union armies would meet near the city for the Battle of Harpers Ferry on September 12-15, 1862.

Description (physical):

H: 8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0008
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Federal Hill

This portrait depicts Union soldiers manning the garrison on Federal Hill, overlooking Baltimore. Union General Benjamin Butler ordered his soldiers to build a fort above Baltimore, after the April riot.

Location:
201 West Monument Street Baltimore,Maryland 21201
Identifier:
Z24.542
Institution:
Maryland Historical Society