Powder Flask

Creator:
Dixon and Son

Made by Dixon and Son

Description (physical):

Brass. L 20, Dia 3.5 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0022
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Buoy

Date:
c. 1862

Cairo's buoy served as a floating marker for the vessel.

Description (physical):

Ferrous Metal. L 101.6 cm, Cone 61.8, Dia 63.5 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0021
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Firing Mechanism

This firing mechanism or gun lock is from a 32 PDR (Pounder) Cannon. The navy locks recovered from the Cairo are the type patented by E. Hidden. The gun lock was designed to ignite the charge by the blow of a piece of metal known as the hammer.

Description (physical):

Brass. L 16, Hole Dia 1.1 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0018
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Knife

Date:
c. 1861
Creator:
U.S. Navy

Many of these square bladed knives used for cutting rope were found on board the Cairo.

Description (physical):

Ferrous metal. L 2.11, W 2.9 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0017
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Grenades

Date:
c. 1862

These Ketcham grenades were discovered aboard Cairo. The grenade has an open hole in one end. The plunger shaft fitted in this hole. They were used in siege operations at Port Hudson, Vicksburg and Petersburg. During the Civil War, hand-grenades were still in the early phases of development. However, they were unreliable because their fuses often made them more dangerous for the thrower than for those receiving the grenade.

Description (physical):

Iron. L 10, Dia 4 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0016
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Bullet Molds

Date:
c. 1862

Bullet mold for .44 Caliber weapons. There are two cavities, one for round ball, one for conical bullet.

Description (physical):

Ferrous metal. L 12.7, W 3.2, Th 2.7 cm; Ferrous metal. L 12.7, W 3, Th 2.7 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0015
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Ammunition Box

Date:
c. 1862

Many ammunition boxes of all sizes, as well as box fragments were recovered from within the powder magazine of the U.S.S. Cairo. This box is held together with pegs. There is illegible block stenciling on one side.

Description (physical):

Wood. L 21 cm, W 20.3 cm, Th 21 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0014
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Signal Board

Date:
c. 1862

Signal board recovered from Cairo's pilot house. Copper wires ran to the engine room to work the brass bell. A horse shoe was found nailed to the bottom of the signal board, presumably for good luck, however it was nailed upside down letting all of the luck run out.

Description (physical):

Wood, board. L 91.4, W 28.7, TH 4.5 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0013
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Pistols

Date:
c. 1862

Both pistols are double action. In a double action revolver, squeezing the trigger pulls back the hammer both to cock the gun as well as serving to release the hammer. In contrast, a single action revolver requires the hammer to be pulled back by hand before each shot.

Description (physical):

Upper: Metal. L 21 cm; Lower: Metal. L 17.5, Dia (barrel) 3.18 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0012
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park

Safety Lamp

Date:
c. 1862

The safety lamp was used in the powder room of the Cairo to light the magazine. It was placed inside of a box that was part of the magazine bulkhead. It was lined with soldered sheets of copper, and when in use had a few drops of water in it. To throw as much light as possible into the magazine room, the bulkhead opening was covered by two panes of glasses. The glass closest to the magazine was framed and easily removed. A small dome or reversed funnel of copper was placed above the lamp and fitted with a pipe to redirect the smoke.

Description (physical):

Copper, wood, L 6, Tube Dia 6, L 29.5, W 25.2, Th 2.4 cm

Location:
3201 Clay Street Vicksburg,Mississippi 39183
Identifier:
2010.0001.0002
Institution:
Vicksburg National Military Park