Two Spindle Drill Press

Date:
C. 1830s

The Federal armories at Harpers Ferry and Springfield, Massachusetts, were among the first machine-operated industries in the United States. Workers in the armories used many labor-saving machines to produce the three major components of the musket: the lock, the stock, and the barrel. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0021
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Bayonet And Barrel

America's first successful use of interchangeable parts took place in Harpers Ferry. During the 1820s and 1830s John Hall perfected machinery for producing interchangeable parts for rifles, contributing not only to the success of his rifle works, but to the development of the American factory system. This bayonet and barrel were recovered from the 1861 arsenal fire set by retreating Union forces.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0022
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Rifle Fragments

America's first successful use of interchangeable parts took place in Harpers Ferry. During the 1820s and 1830s John Hall perfected machinery for producing interchangeable parts for rifles, contributing not only to the success of his rifle works, but to the development of the American factory system. These rifle fragments were recovered from the 1861 arsenal fire set by retreating Union forces.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0023
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

U.S. Rifle Factory

The U.S. Rifle Factory in Harpers Ferry was reduced to ruins when it was burned during the Civil War.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0024
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Virginius Island

Date:
1857
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0025
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
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Harpers Ferry Crossing

Date:
c. 1803-1806
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0026
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
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Harpers Ferry Townscape

Date:
1858
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0027
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
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Harpers Ferry B&O Bridge Ruins

Date:
July 1861

Two months after the start of the Civil War, the B&O Railroad bridge into Harpers Ferry was in ruins. Only the piers remained. The B&O tried to reopen the bridge, replacing the wooden structure with "Bollman" iron spans (named after their inventor). The first two Bollman spans were soon destroyed. Four later spans survived the war, although troops closed the bridge by burning its wooden floors.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0028
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Harpers Ferry B&O Bridge

Date:
1877-1880

By 1870 the B&O Railroad bridge into Harpers Ferry was made entirely of Bollman iron spans. The Bollman bridge carried rail traffic from 1870 until 1894, when the bridge was converted for automobile traffic. Although the 1936 flood destroyed the Bollman bridge, sections of the original piers still stand in the Potomac.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0029
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Coal From Harpers Ferry

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.1022.0012
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
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