General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson CSA (1824-1863)

Date:
C. 1860s

Robert E. Lee could not have selected a more qualified officer than Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to command the Southern attack on Harpers Ferry in September 1862. Jackson knew Harpers Ferry well. He started his career in the Confederate army there when the Civil War began. During his tenure as the commanding officer at Harpers Ferry in 1861, Jackson became intimately familiar with the unique landscape. During the attack on Harpers Ferry in 1862, he combined his knowledge of the local terrain with his skill as a former professor of artillery tactics. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0034
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General Robert E. Lee CSA (1807-1870)

Date:
C. 1860s

The future of the first Confederate military campaign into Northern territory depended entirely upon Robert E. Lee's plan to deal with the Union soldiers at Harpers Ferry. Before he could pursue his goal to invade Pennsylvania and destroy the Union army in a pitched battle, Lee had to eliminate the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry. Lee's daring plan to capture Harpers Ferry divided his army into four parts separated by mountains and rivers. He knew that his soldiers were tired and poorly fed, and that many of them had been marching barefoot for six weeks. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0035
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General George McClellan USA (1826-1885)

Date:
C. 1860s

After the defeat at Second Manassas, Northern soldiers needed an inspirational figure to lead them against the first Confederate invasion of the North. The various Union forces in the east also needed a skilled organizer to mold them into an efficient military machine. Against strong opposition from several members of his cabinet, President Abraham Lincoln returned General George B. McClellan to command. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0036
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

General William Franklin USA (1823-1903)

Date:
C. 1860s

On September 13, 1862, William B. Franklin became a key player in the Union effort to foil the first Confederate invasion of the North. General Franklin's orders included a series of lengthy and detailed instructions, not the least of which was the reinforcement of the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry. But before that could happen, Franklin had to seize Crampton's gap on top of South Mountain, drive the Confederates into the Potomac River to the south and prepare for the possibility of another enemy force marching toward him from the north. Franklin outnumbered his opponent almost four to one. Read more »

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0037
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Excerpt From The War Of The Rebellion Records

Date:
C. 1860s

This is one of the 128 books from The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, commonly referred to as the Official Records or, simply the "O.R." Almost 2,000 pages of reports and correspondence went into the two volumes of the O.R. related to General Robert E. Lee's Maryland Campaign. A significant number of these documents focused on the Battle of Harpers Ferry and its aftermath, including the "Record of the Harpers Ferry Military Commission," a comprehensive military investigation of the battle.

Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0038
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park

Private Louis B. Hull

Date:
C. 1860s
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0025
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Read more »

Bible

Date:
C. 1860s
Location:
West Virginia,Harpers Ferry,25425
Identifier:
2011.5.0024
Institution:
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Read more »