5.5 Inch Bronze Howitzer

This piece is a 5.625-inch howitzer; the lack of identification on this weapon indicates that it may have been cast for the export trade. This howitzer, like most of its contemporaries, is chambered; that is, the powder chamber is"necked" down to a smaller diameter than the bore. The breech section of the tube is thus thicker and can withstand firing pressure without the need for a reinforce. This gives Nos. 21-24 the "potbellied" shape which characterizes most - though, as will be seen, not all - howitzers of their period.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-BA
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

4.63 Inch Bronze Howitzer

This 4.63-inch howitzer only has the founder's or user's identification number "249" for identification. Though its caliber is smaller than that of Nos. 21 and 22, its proportions are similar. A small vent piece is raised forward of the breech ring.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-E
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Spanish 6.5 Inch Bronze Howitzer

Date:
November 13, 1782
Publisher/Studio:
Barcelona

This 6.5-inch Spanish howitzer was made on 13 November 1782 at Barcelona. Its prominent vent piece has two holes tapped in each side, possibly a vent cover. Trunnion markings give its weight as the equivalent of 726.01 English pounds, and refer to its material as bronzes viejos (old bronzes; that is, metal obtained by melting down earlier ordnance). Its name JUSTICIERO, is an adjective meaning just or fair.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-Z
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Venetian 5.75 Inch Bronze Howitzer

Publisher/Studio:
Venice: Arsenal

This piece, mounted on the eastern entrance to Leutze Park, is a Venetian 5.75-inch bronze howitzer captured during the Barbary Wars. On the second reinforce is a winged lion, its paws resting on an open book. This is the ancient symbol of Saint Mark the Evangelist, the patron saint of Venice. The Lion of Saint Mark indicates that these howitzers were cast at the famed Arsenal in Venice, a combined shipyard and munitions plant which, for centuries, built and armed the naval squadrons of this powerful Italian city-state. Unlike the early howitzers (Nos. 21-24) in this collection, this is apparently not chambered since, besides the midsection reinforce seen on the other pieces, it has a first reinforce at the breech as well. Cup-shaped vent pieces indicate that this weapon was made before the introduction of priming tubes in the 1760s.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-V
Institution:
Naval Historical Center

Venetian 5.75 Inch Bronze Howitzer

Publisher/Studio:
Venice: Arsenal

This piece, mounted on the eastern entrance to Leutze Park, is a Venetian 5.75-inch bronze howitzer captured during the Barbary Wars. On the second reinforce is a winged lion, its paws resting on an open book. This is the ancient symbol of Saint Mark the Evangelist, the patron saint of Venice. The Lion of Saint Mark indicates that these howitzers were cast at the famed Arsenal in Venice, a combined shipyard and munitions plant which, for centuries, built and armed the naval squadrons of this powerful Italian city-state. Unlike the early howitzers (Nos. 21-24) in this collection, this is apparently not chambered since, besides the midsection reinforce seen on the other pieces, it has a first reinforce at the breech as well. Cup-shaped vent pieces indicate that this weapon was made before the introduction of priming tubes in the 1760s.

Description (physical):

Material: Bronze.

Location:
805 Kidder Breese Street SE 20374
Identifier:
61-84-X
Institution:
Naval Historical Center