Wind Tunnel

This photograph depicts the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' (NACA) Langley Memorial Laboratory, opened in 1917 with the first pressurized (variable density) wind tunnel. The laboratory, located in Hampton, Virginia and named after Samuel P. Langley, the third secretary of the Smithsonian, was used to gather precise data on wing shapes.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
9A03115
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

DH-4 And Tractor

Europeans led the world in aeronautics after World War I. Adolf Rohrbach built a series of advanced all-metal aircraft, including this Zeppelin E.4/20.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
95-2855
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

AA Lockheed L-188 Electra

This is a photograph of the Lockheed L-188 Electra II, the first U.S. turboprop-powered aircraft. American Airlines began flying them in 1959. However, wing failures caused by excessive vibration resulted in several fatal accidents and flight restrictions. Lockheed solved the problem, but sales plunged. By the time Electras returned to full service, jetliners had superseded them.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington, District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
2000-6147
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Psa Interior Postcard

This Pacific Southwest Airlines postcard portrays the Lockheed Electra II lounge, located in the rear of the cabin. Airlines began to improve their airplane amenities as commercial air travel expanded.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
NASM-00132840
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Fokker F-27

This is a photograph of the most widely sold turboprop airliner in history, the Fokker F-27 Friendship. The F-27 first entered service in 1958, when it began flying with West Coast Airlines.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
9A04294
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Rolls-royce Dart

Date:
1970
Publisher/Studio:
Derby, England, United Kingdom: Rolls-Royce Ltd.

This is a 1970 model of the Rolls-Royce Dart turboprop. First introduced in 1948, the turboprop combined the power of jet propulsion with the efficiency of propellers. It was widely used in the first generation of turboprop-powered aircraft, including the British Vickers Viscount and the Dutch Fokker F-27. The Dart enabled these and other new airliners to lower airline operating costs and bring greater speed and comfort to passengers traveling on short-to-medium length routes.

Description (physical):

Wt: 1250lbs., Power: 1,815ehp at 15,000rpm

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
0.001
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Pan Am 707 Airport

Date:
1958

This photograph captures the first jet service by any U.S. airline began on October 26, 1958, when this Pan American World Airways Boeing 707, the Clipper America, left New York for Paris.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
9A03276
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Frankfort TG-1A (cinema)

Publisher/Studio:
Frankfort Sailplane Company

Stan Corcoran's TG-1A (Training Glider Model 1A) was the first aircraft selected to train U.S. Army glider pilot cadets to fly the Waco CG-4A combat assualt glider. The Waco could be difficult to handle with heavy loads, and a skilled pilot was required to fly it. Until late in the war, Wacos were only produced in limited numbers, and none were available for training. Before bidding on producing the TG-1A, Stan Corcoran had produced gliders for the civilian market at his Frankfort Sailplane Company factory. In May 1942, the firm won a contract to build 40 TG-1As. Read more »

Description (physical):

H: 1.5m, W: 14.1m, L: 7.1m, Wt: 500lbs.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington, District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
A19830113000cp05
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Lakota Model Baby Carrier With Porcupine-quill Embroidery, North Or South Dakota, Ca. 1880

Date:
1880

This Lakota baby carrier is a featured item in the Our Universes collection. The collection focuses on indigenous cosmologies--worldviews and philosophies related to the creation and order of the universe--and the spiritual relationship between humankind and the natural world. Organized around the solar year, the exhibition introduces visitors to indigenous peoples from across the Western Hemisphere who continue to express the wisdom of their ancestors in celebration, language, art, spirituality, and daily life.

Location:
4th St and Independence Ave SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
12.2308.
Institution:
Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian

Lear Jet 23

Publisher/Studio:
Lear Jet Corporation

The first Lear Jets, the Model 23s, were the first products of the original Lear Jet Corporation for the new field of business and personal jet aviation. So significant was the design that for years "Lear Jet" was synonymous with "bizjet." William P. Lear Sr. initiated the Lear Jet's development in 1959. The aircraft drew upon the structural quality of the Swiss AFA P-16 strike-fighter and featured a fuselage that narrowed at each side where the wing and engine nacelles extended outward-a design concept known as area rule-to provide smooth airflow around the engines. Successive Lear Jet models set many speed records. The Lear Jet line is now part of the Bombardier Aerospace family, which includes Challenger and Global Express aircraft. This is the second Lear Jet built and the first production Model 23. Lear Jet used it as a test aircraft.

Description (physical):

This Lear Jet model has twin-engine pioneer business jet developed by William P. Lear; second Learjet, first production model built; two General Electric CJ 610-1 turbojet engines; low-wing, retractable landing gear design. Material: All-metal. H: 3.8m, W: 10.8m, L: 13.2m, Wt: 6150lbs., Top Speed: 903km/hr.

Location:
Independence Ave at 6th Street, SW Washington,District of Columbia 20560
Identifier:
A19780122000CP06
Institution:
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum