Exhibited artifacts here range from arrowheads, ceramics, and other stone and bone tools, to glass and personal objects used in Delaware during the 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
The museum's exhibits present a multi-faceted approach to the study of the human past. This includes the findings of anthropologists, osteologists, geologists, physical anthropologists, botanists, and many other scientific disciplines used in the identification and analysis of the archaeological record.
Lifeways of later peoples immigrating to Delaware are also examined through historical archaeology. Historical archaeologists use information from excavations and from historical documents to understand the past. Sites discussed include those occupied by Europeans and African-Americans and include colonial, military, maritime, and industrial sites.