Double-Breasted Dark Blue Massachusetts Infantry Officer's Coat



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Double-Breasted Dark Blue Massachusetts Infantry Officer's Coat

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Double-Breasted Dark Blue Massachusetts Infantry Officer's Coat
circa 1836-1840

Content Description: 

A double-breasted dark blue fine wool broadcloth infantry officer's coatee, that is lined entirely with a finely woven twilled buff wool. Lining is approximately 80 TPI, 33 TPC. The back panels are not lined at all, and there is a mitred seam effect, i.e. drop shoulder seams and two curving shaping side seams. Coat is a shaped, handsewn, short, straight front waist, "cut in" tail coat, with interfaced and buff wool lined standing collar that is decorated on the exterior with silver bullion thread braid, and four small militia buttons. Collar fastens with brass hooks and eyes. There is an interfaced "button stand" edging on each natural coarse linen interfaced forepart carrying ten hand-worked black "key hole" button holes. There are ten large militia buttons on each forepart. The sleeves are lined entirely with a finely woven twilled cotton, and there is a small gusset in the sleeve seam where sleeve attaches to coat body. Very slight gathers where sleeve is fined onto coat body. Sleeve has a natural curve cut, and the french cuff opening is fastened with brass hooks and thread eyes. A waist seam is present and it drops slightly in the rear. Tails are medium in width and there are two white linen moderately deep pockets with vertical pocket openings, located on lined side near top center of tail. There are no pocket openings cut into tail pleats. There is a blue wool/cream wool lined scalloped, functioning flap as part of each cuff opening, and a larger scalloped non-functioning flap on each tail. All flaps are ornamented with silver bullion tape and each flap has four buttons. Small buttons on sleeve flap and large buttons on tail flap. At the bottom of each turnback coat tail there is a copper-colored bullion cord and sequin bugle coat skirt ornament. The horns are paired right and left. There is a set of four eyelets on each shoulder for epaulets. Aside from the previously mentioned buttons, there are two additional large buttons in rear. There are a total of thirty large and twelve small buttons. The staff-type buttons have convex fronts with twenty-four five-point stars around edge, arm and saber crest, lined field, with "MASS. VOLUNTER MILITIA" circling crest. On back of button is stamped "B & BURNHAM/SUPERFINE." According to Johnson's Uniform Buttons, R & W Robinson were in business from 1836 to 1844. "B" [Benedict] & Burnham were in business from 1834-1843. Staff-type buttons originated during the early 1830s.

Physical Description: 

Wool, linen. Length: front 17" (44.6 cm), back 43 3/8" (110.2 cm); Waist: 37 1/2" (95.3 cm); Cuff circumference: 8 3/4" (22.3 cm); Sleeve Length: 20 5/8" (52.5 cm); Cuff Width: 1 13/16" (4.6 cm); Collar Width: 3" (7.5 cm); Pocket Opening: 7 7/8" (20 cm); Ornamental Scalloped Flap Length: sleeve 6 1/2" (16.5 cm), tail 10" (24.4)
1 Old Sturbridge Village Road,Massachusetts,Sturbridge,01566
Collection of Old Sturbridge Village