- Historic Sites
The museum features an exhibit on the Colby Site, the earliest mammoth kill site found in North America, located in the area. It also includes fossils of prehistoric plants and animals and a collection of spears from the prehistoric Clovis people. There is also an exhibit on the geology of the Big Horn Basin.
The museum also has an exhibit on the Shoshone Sheepeaters, a tribe of natives from the Bighorn Mountains. The exhibit contains replicas such as a lodge room and rock shelter.
The Pioneer Spirit exhibit uses a hands-on approach to immerse its visitors in the life of the travelers. It includes a covered wagon, a sheep wagon, a sod house. It also has a display of western tack, including the saddle of the first governor, Francis E. Warren.