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1865 Roper Steam Carriage
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This vehicle is the oldest surviving American automobile. In the 1860s, a small steam carriage running under its own power -- without horses! -- was...
1891 Abbot Downing Concord Coach
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Coaches like this are symbols of the American West but they were actually built in New England. Abbot-Downing, of Concord, New Hampshire was the...
1896 Duryea Runabout
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Early automobile inventors tended to make one-of-a-kind vehicles. Charles and Frank Duryea had a different idea. In 1896, they established the...
1896 Ford Quadricycle Runabout, First Car Built by Henry...
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The Quadricycle was Henry Ford's first attempt at building a gasoline powered automobile. It is as simple as Ford could make it and utilizes commonly...
1896 Riker Electric Tricycle
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Auto pioneer A.L. Riker built this electric tricycle in Brooklyn, NY in 1896. Its tubular steel frame, wire wheels, and pneumatic tires are adapted...
1899 Duryea Trap
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Cars of this era usually looked like squarish horse-drawn buggies. But Charles Duryea was inspired by the more graceful curves of a victoria carriage...
1899 Locomobile Runabout
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This steam-powered runabout, by Locomobile, was built from designs by twin brothers, F. E. and F. O. Stanley. These early vehicles were fast, cheap,...
1900 Wood Electric Truck
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
B. Altman and Company, a New York City department store, purchased this electric truck from F. R. Wood and Son around 1900. Altman employed horse-...
1901 Columbia Victoria
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Early automobiles, even electric powered ones like this 1901 Columbia, looked like carriages. Batteries located over the front and rear axles powered...
1901 Ford "Sweepstakes" Race Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This is Henry Ford's first race car. Seeking to revive his reputation as an automobile engineer after the failure of his first auto company, Ford...
1902 Ford "999" Race Car, Built by Henry Ford
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
After building this massive car Henry Ford was reluctant to drive it, so he hired a fearless bicycle racer named Barney Oldfield. Oldfield won many...
1903 Ford Model A Runabout
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This is an example of Ford Motor Company's first product. It is typical of most American automobiles of the time it looks like a carriage without the...
1903 Holsman Runabout
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This 1903 Holsman runabout could negotiate America's early rural roads. Its big wheels with puncture-proof solid rubber tires cleared ruts, climbed...
1903 Oldsmobile Curved Dash Runabout
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
When it inspires a song, you know it's popular. This Olds was the bestselling car in America from 1902 to 1905. Automobiles had an emotional appeal....
1903 Packard Model F Runabout
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
In 1903 this car became the second automobile to travel across America coast-to-coast. Tom Fetch, Packard's plant foreman, and Marius C. Krarup, a...
1904 Packard Model L Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
James Ward Packard built his first car in Warren, Ohio in 1899. By 1903 a group of Detroit investors had purchased the company and moved the...
1905 Ford Model B Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The Model B was Ford's first four-cylinder car and the first to have the engine mounted up front in the European manner. Design difficulties delayed...
1906 Ford Model N Runabout
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Two-seater runabouts like this 1906 Ford Model N were favored by middle-class Americans who could afford one. They were fast and rugged. Most...
1906 Locomobile "Old 16" Race Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
In 1908 George Robertson drove this car to victory in the Vanderbilt Cup, America's first great automobile race. It marked the first time an American...
1906 Rapid Bus
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The Rapid Motor Vehicle Company of Pontiac, Michigan produced this twelve-passenger vehicle in 1906. The bus could shuttle travelers to and from...
1906 Thomas Flyer Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The E. R. Thomas Company of Buffalo, New York, manufactured this touring car during its peak production year of 1906. Known for their high...
1907 White Model G Steam Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Steam powered 19th-century America. Some early car manufacturers used this familiar technology to power their vehicles. The White Company was one of...
1908 Ford Model S Roadster
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The Ford Model S was a composite of the Models N and R. The Model R had used the engine and chassis of the hot-selling Model N, but added running...
1908 Stevens-Duryea Model U Limousine
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Early car buyers knew what motor vehicles should look like -- carriages, of course! But automobiles need things carriages don't: radiators,...
1909 Ford Model T Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This 1909 Ford Model T is an icon of American innovation. Introduced in October 1908, the Model T was an immediate success and would soon transform...
1912 Rambler Knickerbocker Limousine
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This limousine was designed to make a grand entrance. And it wasn't short on style either. Owners gazed through French plate-glass windows lined with...
1913 Scripps-Booth Rocket Cyclecar Prototype
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
In 1912, a new European fad took America by storm: the cyclecar -- slim, light, cheap, with a motorcycle engine. By 1914, Americans could choose from...
1914 Detroit Electric Model 47 Brougham, Personal Car of...
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Clara Ford, wife of Henry Ford, drove this Detroit Electric. In the years before World War I many women chose electric cars because they started...
1914 Ford Model T Touring Car, Given to John Burroughs by...
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
When Ford Motor Company introduced its new Model T on October 1, 1908 it was a text book example of the right product at the right time. Using...
1915 Brewster Town Landaulet
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Brewster and Company had built elegant horse-drawn carriages since the early 1800s. When Brewster finally began building automobiles in 1915, they...
1915 Chevrolet Royal Mail Roadster
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Designed to appeal to adventurous drivers, Chevrolet's Royal Mail looked like a racecar -- long hood, short rear deck, and a fuel tank behind the...
1916 Woods Dual-Power Hybrid Coupe
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
In 1916, gasoline was cheap, and no one cared about tailpipe emissions. But this hybrid wasn't about fuel prices or pollution. Woods Motor Vehicle...
1918 Overland Model 90 B Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Overland was one of the most successful early car companies. Founded in 1903, Overland had by 1912 become the second best selling American car behind...
1919 Ford Model T Sedan
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This 1919 Model T closed-body Sedan represents a significant change in the way Ford produced and marketed the best-selling car. By 1919, Ford Motor...
1924 Chrysler Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The first car to wear the Chrysler nameplate was perfectly suited to the Roaring Twenties. It was a decade of fast profits, fast music, and fast...
1924 Essex Coach Sedan
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Until the 1920s, most cars lacked permanent roofs. They were "open" to the elements, noise, and dirt. People bought them only because they were...
1926 Rolls-Royce Limousine Used by John Pierpont Morgan, Jr.
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
With the introduction of the superb Silver Ghost model in 1907, the British-made Rolls-Royce became known as the world's best automobile. In 1925 the...
1927 Blue Bird School Bus
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This 1927 Blue Bird is the oldest surviving school bus in America. Albert Luce, Sr., built his first bus in 1925 by mounting a purchased wood body to...
1927 LaSalle Roadster
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
In 1926, Alfred P. Sloan Jr., president of General Motors, sought a lower-priced companion to the Cadillac to fill out General Motors product line....
1930 American Austin Roadster
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
A tiny, fuel efficient car like this might seem perfect for the hard times of the Great Depression. Mechanically it was identical to the British...
1930 Ford Model A Touring Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The Model A's two-year old styling was refreshed for 1930, with new sweeping fenders, new radiator, smaller wheels, and a longer hood. Ford sold...
1931 Bugatti Type 41 Royale Convertible
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Longer than a Duesenberg. Twice the horsepower of a Rolls-Royce. More costly than both put together. The Bugatti Royale was the ultimate automobile,...
1931 Duesenberg Model J Convertible Victoria
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Fred Duesenberg set out to build an automotive masterpiece. Its superlative engineering included a 265 horsepower engine that could push the car to a...
1932 Ford V-8 Cabriolet
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The 1932 Ford automobile combines the attractive facelift of the 1931 Model A with the world's first low-priced, cast-in-one-piece V-8 engine....
1933 Willys Drag Racer
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Cars like this gasoline-burning coupes and sedans nicknamed "gassers" were enormously popular with drag racing fans in the 1950s and 1960s. Between...
1935 Miller-Ford Race Car
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This beautiful car was created by Harry Miller, the most important American racing designer before World War II. His legacy included the four...
1935 Stagecoach Travel Trailer, Used By Charles Lindbergh...
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Henry Ford gave this trailer to his friend Charles Lindbergh in 1942. Charles and his wife Anne used it as a home on the road and as a spare room and...
1936 Lincoln Zephyr Sedan
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
Automobiles, like other everyday objects, underwent streamlining in the 1930s. The 1936 Lincoln Zephyr joined aerodynamic styling with attractiveness...
1937 Cord 812 Convertible
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
The 1937 Cord's swooping fenders, sweeping horizontal radiator grille, and hidden headlights were unlike anything else on American highways. And...
1937 LaSalle Coupe
The Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan
This 1937 LaSalle coupe combined utility, comfort, and style. The LaSalle cruised at 50 miles per hour. Plush upholstery, heater, radio, watertight...
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