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Brass Kettle Piece
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
This brass kettle piece was used by the Odawa or Ottawa, a Canadian tribe, who were allied to the French. Some of members of the tribe participated...
Brass Surveyor's Compass
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
Lt. Col. George Washington undoubtedly would have had surveying equipment such as this compass with him, since a major goal of the expedition was the...
British Broad Axe
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
This head of a British broad axe was excavated near Fort Necessity.
British Officer's Gorget
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
British officers wore gorgets such as this one under their chins for protection. This reproduction is on display at Fort Necessity National...
British Pistol
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
British officers at Fort Necessity would likely have used pistols similar to this one dating from the 1740s.
Burned Stockade Posts
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
On July 4, 1754, victorious French troops pulled up most of Fort Necessity's white oak posts and piled them against what was left of the stockade....
Folding Knife
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
A folding knife was one of the items found during the excavations at the Great Meadows, near Fort Necessity.
Head of a Mattock
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
This mattock head found near Fort Necessity was likely used to dig postholes or loosen dirt for the earthen defenses.
Items Found at Fort Necessity
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
Among the items found during excavations in 1953 included: (left to right in top row) a spear point, silver spoon and a pipe stem fragment, and (...
Odawa Basket
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
This basket of black ash was woven by the Odawa Indians. Members of the tribe fought with the French at Fort Necessity.
Original Stockade Post from Fort Necessity
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
Victorious French troops burned the stockade after Col. Washington surrendered. Almost 200 years later, archaeologist J.C. Harrington recovered the...
Potogan Made by the Odawa Indians
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
Potogans, such as this modern reproduction made from white birch, were used by the Odawa and other Native American tribes to grind corn. The Odawa or...
Swivel Shot Found at Fort Necessity
Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Farmington, Pennsylvania
The British forces carried several swivel guns overland on their march from Alexandria, Virginia to Fort Necessity. Swivel guns were small cannon...
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