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.80 Caliber American Musket
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
American forces during the Revolutionary War used a variety of muskets, making use of what was available. This piece, which is fitted to mount a...
American Canteen
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
While British soldiers in the Revolution were issued canteens of tinned irons, American soldiers usually used wooden canteens. American canteens...
American Uniform (reconstuction)
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Artillery Worm Head
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Worms were used to remove fragments of spent powder bags from cannon barrels after firing. This piece was found in Lake George.
Axe Head And Adz Head Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Axes were used to cut wood and branches, and fell trees. Adzes shaped logs by squaring sides or creating notches. This adz has a broad arrow stamp...
British "turn-keys"
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Bladed ends are screwdrivers that could also be used to knap (shape by breaking off) dull musket flints, as sharp flints were necessary to make the...
British Halfpenny Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
The halfpenny is the only type of British coin commonly found in military campsites. This piece was found in the area of the Freeman Fram on the...
British Musket Worm Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Worms of this size attached to a musket's ramrod and along with a piece of linen, cleaned the barrel interior or pulled out debris lodged inside.
British Officer Spontoon
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Originally ordered as an arm for most British officers, spontoons were commonly exchanged for fusils -- light muskets -- during wartime. In the...
British Pattern 1768 Short Land Service Musket
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Regular British infantry usually received a .75 caliber "Brown Bess" musket like this one. Assembled "lock, stock and barrel" in the Tower of London...
British Uniform (reconstuction)
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Broiler Made From An Iron Barrel Hoop
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Soldiers often improvised their cooking implements and utensils; in this case, a broiling grill made from a bent barrel hoop. Found in the 21st...
Buckshot Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
To increase the effectiveness of musket cartridges, several pieces of lead buckshot could be included with the musket ball.
Button From A Dead American Soldier
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
These brass buttons were found in 1941 during archaeological investigations of four graves at the site of the Balcarres Redoubt at Saratoga. The...
Cannon #1 Surrendered By The Convention Of Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
One of a pair of British cannon of similar description surrendered to the American forces at Saratoga, made by W. Bowen and inscribed "surrendered by...
Cannon #2 Surrendered By The Convention Of Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Second of a pair of British cannon of similar description surrendered to the American forces at Saratoga, made by W. Bowen and inscribed "surrendered...
Cap Badge For 62nd Regiment Of Foot
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
In order to decorate further their horsehair-crested caps, some British soldiers in Canada were issued badges. Designs varied considerably; this one...
Case Bottle Fragment
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
This top section of a green glass case bottle, so called because its rectangular shape allowed it to be packed with other bottles, was found in the...
Cast Brass "gr" Plate Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Commonly issued to loyalist American troops during the war, plates like this one were attached to belts or cartridge pouches. The "GR" stands for "...
Chain Shot Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
This chain shot was found at the Saratoga Battlfield. Chain shot were formed of two smaller-than-usual balls, or half-balls, chained together by the...
Clay Pipe Fragments
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Smoking was one of the most popular pastimes of the 18th Century soldiers.
Coat Button For 21st Royal North British Fusiliers
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
As a "Royal" regiment, the 21st North British Fusiliers were allowed to have both regimental number and special emblem. The regiment was later known...
Coat Button For 24th Regiment Of Foot
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
A typical British soldier might have 70 buttons on his uniform, such as this coat button for the 24th Regiment of Foot.
Coehorn Mortar
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
The Coehorn Mortar was a useful weapon because of its small size and ease of movement. It usually had a fixed trajectory (around 45 degrees), and...
Counterfeit British Halfpenny
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
The large number of counterfeit British halfpennies found in modern collections indicates the quality of fake coins in circulation in the 18th...
Diorama Of Col. Morgan Gathering His Scattered Riflemen
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
"During the Battle of Freeman's Farm at Saratoga, Col. Daniel Morgan used a turkey call to reform his broken Virginia and Pennsylvania riflement...
Diorama Of The Assault On The Breymann Redoubt
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
"Thus scene from October 7, 1777 shows overwhelming waves of American soldiers, encouraged on by Gen. Benedict Arnold, attacking this important...
English Short Saber
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Along with spontoons or fusils, British and American officers usually carried swords. Designs and material composition varied considerably; this...
Fascine Knife Blade (billhook) And Pick Ax Head
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Fascine knives were used to cut bundles of sticks or brush used to reinforce defenses made of piled earth. They were also sometimes called "billhooks...
Fleam
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
A fleam was a medical tool used for "phlebotomy" or theraputic bleeding. This fleam had three steel blades of differing sizes, with a bone handle.
Flints For Firearms
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
18th-century firearms used sharpened flint to create sparks that ignited gunpowder which fired the gun. These three flints were found at the 21st...
Fork Fragment
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
This two-tined fork fragment made of iron was excavated from the area of the Breymann Redoubt at Saratoga, manned by German and American Loyalist...
French "model 1768" Infantry Musket
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
This .69 caliber piece, made in Charleville, France, was one of more than 100,000 sent to arm American troops during the war. It is stamped "U-STATE[...
Glass Medicine Bottles
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Glass was used for storing medicines since it was less reactive with the substances and lightweight. Larger bottles might contain unprocessed...
Grape Shot Found with Soldier's Skeleton
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
The skeleton of an American soldier killed at Saratoga was found with this iron grapeshot in its pelvic cavity. Measuring from 8.25 to 9 mm in...
How Do You Like It Monsieur.
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
The American victory at Saratoga encouraged France to enter into an alliance with the beleaguered Americans that brought much-needed financial and...
Mattock Head Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Packed spoil was broken up and roots cut by tools such as mattocks and picks.
Musket Ball
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Lead musket ball found near Balcarres Redoubt at the Saratoga Battlefield. It was flattened when it struck a solid object.
Musket Balls Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Made of lead and weighing about one ounce each, musket balls were usually cast in the army's artillery depot. The diameter of the ball was made...
Officer's Holster Pistol
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Officers commonly brought pairs of pistols on campaign. This silver mounted piece could also be placed in the saddle holster of a mounted officer.
Ox Shoe Fragment Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Drivers used oxen and horses to transport artillery, artillery sheds, and wagons; both types of animal needed iron shoes to protect their hooves....
Pair Of Cufflinks Possibly Belonging To Gen. Burgoyne
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
It is believed that these cufflinks belonged to General John Burgoyne and were acquired by the donor's ancestor, a soldier in Burgoyne's army, at...
Pewter Buttons From A Dead American Soldier
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
These buttons were found with Skeleton #4 , likely the remains of an American soldier killed at Saratoga. The buttons are likely from the solder's...
Powder Measure
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Used to measure gunpowder that was poured into paper musket cartridges, which also contained musket balls.
Power Horn
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Pwder horns held gunpwder used to load firearms. Jeptha Clark of Massachusetts used this powder horn during the war. Although Clark did not fight at...
Priming Horn
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Small horns carried finer grades of gunpwder often for priming rifles when loading. This piece is engraved "A.S." and the data "1777."
Shell Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
A shell or bomb was a hollow iron shere filled with gunpowder and fired from a mortar or howitzer. It would explode when its fuse burned down. This...
Shovel Head Found At Saratoga
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
This iron shovel head was found near the location of the American fortifications on Bemis Heights.
Spade Head
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Spades and shovels were indispensible tools for moving earth when constructing fortifications. From the collection of Port Ticonderoga.
Spanish One Real
Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, New York
Most Spanish coins in circulation at the time of the war were minted in Mexico City. Reales and bits (pie-shaped fragments cut from a piece of eight...
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