Destruction of the Railroad Bridge over the Potomac, at Harper's Ferry, by the Rebels, June 15, 1861

Date:
June 15, 1861
Publisher/Studio:
Harper's Weekly

This reproduction of a print in Harper's Weekly shows soldiers observing an explosion on a railroad bridge in Harpers Ferry. Confederates moved the arms stored at the Harpers Ferry arsenal to a more secure location in the Confederate capital of Richmond in 1861. The Confederate and Union armies would meet near the city for the Battle of Harpers Ferry on September 12-15, 1862.

Description (physical):

H: 8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0008
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Burnside's Attack Toward Sharpsburg

Creator:
Edwin Forbes (1839-1895)

This reproduction of a print by American landscape painter and etcher Edwin Forbes (1839-1895) shows soldiers under the command of Ambrose Burnside fighting at the Battle of Antietam, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862. Burnside’s failure to perform sufficient reconnaissance on the southern flank of the Union line caused him to attempt to take a bridge (subsequently known as “Burnside’s Bridge”) that was covered by heavy Confederate fire. The resulting impasse contributed to the tactical stalemate in which the battle ended.

Description (physical):

H: 6 1/6", W: 9 5/16"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0010
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

The Battle Of South Mountain, Md. Sunday, Sept. 14. 1862.

Creator:
A.A. Fasel

Reproduction. Caption reads, "The glorious charge of the 23rd & 12th Ohio Volunteers (Col. Scammon) against the 23rd & 12th North Carolina, under the rebel Gen. Garland, who was killed in the charge."

Description (physical):

H: 8 1/8", W: 9 15/16"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0011
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

"when I Wish To Catch Rats, I First Stop Their Holes."

This reproduction of an engraving implies that gaining control of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, would allow the Union army to neutralize threats from other Confederate cities. General Winfield Scott, who held command of the Union army until his resignation on November 1, 1861, is credited with the quote at bottom.

Description (physical):

H: 9 7/8", W: 7 15/16"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0012
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

The Rebels Under Stuart Leaving Chambersburg

Creator:
James R. Chapin

Incomplete sketch. The Confederate Army, led by J.E.B. Stuart, raided and burned Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, on October 10, 1862.

Description (physical):

H: 8 1/8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0013
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Confederate Dead at Fox's Gap, Antietam Campaign

Creator:
Walton Taber

Reproduction of a sketch of dead Confederate soldiers piled upon one another during the Battle of South Mountain.

Description (physical):

H: 8 1/8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0014
Institution:
American Heritage Archive

Confederate Wounded After Antietam

Creator:
Walton Taber

Reproduction of a sketch of a cartload of wounded Confederate soldiers after the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862.

Description (physical):

H: 5 9/16", W: 9 3/16"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0015
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Truce To Care For Dead And Wounded

Date:
October 25, 1862
Publisher/Studio:
Harper's Weekly

Reproduction of a sketch that originally appeared in Harper's Weekly. Two officers shake hands, signalling a truce to care for casualties on both sides. This scene purportedly took place during Lee's invasion of Maryland, known as the Antietam Campaign, in 1862.

Description (physical):

H: 8 1/8", W: 10

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0016
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Union Scouts Observing Lee's Army Crossing Potomac Before Antietam

Reproduction of a landscape painting depicting Union scouts doing reconnaissance work in the lead-up to the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862.

Description (physical):

H: 8 1/8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0018
Institution:
American Heritage Archives

Guerre d'Amérique

Unknown source. A French caption reads, "Les confédérés, après l’invasion du Maryland, se retirent en emportant le butin pris à l’ennemi." ("The Confederates, after the invasion of Maryland, withdrew, carrying loot taken from the enemy.")

Description (physical):

H: 8 1/8", W: 10"

Location:
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Identifier:
2010.0002.0021
Institution:
American Heritage Archives