Transfer Slip

Date:
1944

Shutaro Matsumura, a 54-year-old Issei assessed Manzanar a year after it opened: “Camp life is creating people with lazy habits, people without initiative or incentive. Working conditions are not strict and favor indolent and slovenly work.” During his three and a half years at Manzanar, Matsumura worked in the mattress factory, housing department, agriculture section, and finally, as a policeman in the Internal Security division. He earned the respect of his Caucasian supervisors for his superior work ethic and dedication to helping his community, despite very low pay.

Description (physical):

Paper

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
MANZ 0055/03-003#02
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Relocation Papers

Date:
22-Oct-45

Document that outlines Mr. and Mrs. Matsumura's arrangements for leaving Manzanar.

Description (physical):

Paper

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
MANZ 0055/03-002#02
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Baby's Suit

Date:
26-Apr-05

This winter suit was knitted for one of the 541 babies born at Manzanar. There were 188 couples who married in camp.

Description (physical):

Wool, cotton. Sweater: Collar to Waist Hem 30.0 cm; Shoulder to Shoulder 25.0 cm; Pants: Waist to Cuff Hem 52.0 cm, Waist 26.0 cm

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
MANZ 5194
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Woman's Jacket

Date:
1940s
Creator:
Yayako Nishioka

This jacket was hand-made by Yayako Nishioka in Manzanar for Anna Sugimoto. Many pieces of clothing were hand-made in camp, whether sewn, knitted or crocheted. Some women brought their own sewing machines. It was eventually determined that the need for clothing warranted a clothing factory. A wide variety of garments, ranging from baby jumpers to tailored suits, were produced. The largest orders were for overalls, hospital uniforms, children's dresses, shirts and blouses.

Description (physical):

Wool, satin. L 64, W 40 cm (overall)

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
MANZ 5190
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Mother And Child Evacuees On Train

Date:
1-Apr-42
Creator:
Clem Albers

Taken while arriving at the Lone Pine train station. "Mother and child evacuees of Japanese descent on train en route to War Relocation Authority center at Manzanar, CA." Shi Nomura later recalled that it was a welcome relief to arrive at the Lone Pine train station after an all-day train trip from Los Angeles. Shades had been drawn the entire trip, and armed soldiers were stationed in each rail car. The silent resignation of the adults contrasted with the excitement of children who saw the trip as an adventure. Shi watched young mothers with their babies, elderly Issei, and teenagers empty from the train and wait for the line of buses that would take them to Manzanar and an uncertain future.

Description (physical):

B&W Photograph

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
A-283
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Evacuees Waiting For Buses At Lone Pine Train Station

Date:
1-Apr-42
Creator:
Clem Albers

"Evacuees of Japanese ancestry arrive here by train and await buses for Manzanar, now a War Relocation Authority center." Shi Nomura later recalled that it was a welcome relief to arrive at the Lone Pine train station after an all-day train trip from Los Angeles. Shades had been drawn the entire trip, and armed soldiers were stationed in each rail car. The silent resignation of the adults contrasted with the excitement of children who saw the trip as an adventure. Shi watched young mothers with their babies, elderly Issei, and teenagers empty from the train and wait for the line of buses that would take them to Manzanar and an uncertain future.

Description (physical):

B&W Photograph

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
A-298
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Evacuees Waiting For Buses

Date:
1-Apr-42
Creator:
Clem Albers

"Evacuees of Japanese ancestry arrive here by train and await buses for Manzanar, now a War Relocation Authority center." Shi Nomura later recalled that it was a welcome relief to arrive at the Lone Pine train station after an all-day train trip from Los Angeles. Shades had been drawn the entire trip, and armed soldiers were stationed in each rail car. The silent resignation of the adults contrasted with the excitement of children who saw the trip as an adventure. Shi watched young mothers with their babies, elderly Issei, and teenagers empty from the train and wait for the line of buses that would take them to Manzanar and an uncertain future.

Description (physical):

B&W Photograph

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
A-300
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Checking Registration Numbers

Date:
8-May-42
Creator:
Dorothea Lange

Taken in Hayward, CA. "Evacuees of Japanese ancestry about ready to board the bus to an Assembly Center. An official of WCCA Control Station is checking registration numbers. Social worker in the background is assisting in the evacuation." By U.S. Government order, many like the Mochida family and Eddie Nomura left their former lives behind. In the preceding chaotic weeks, they had stored, burned, sold or abandoned personal possessions, farms, homes and businesses in preparation for the trip to Assembly Centers. Close friends and neighbors said their goodbyes and wished them luck. Quakers offered coffee, donuts and moral support. Armed soldiers lingered among the piles of luggage when the bus or train arrived, it was time to go.

Description (physical):

B&W Photograph

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
C-152
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Boarding A Bus For Manzanar

Date:
May-42

Taken in Lone Pine, CA. "A group arriving by train from Elk Grove and boarding a bus for Manzanar, a War Relocation Authority center where evacuees of Japanese ancestry from certain West Coast area[s], will stay for the duration of the war."

Description (physical):

B&W Photograph

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
LC-USZ62-75794
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site

Family Upon Arrival At Manzanar

Date:
25-Apr-42

Evacuees who were forced to leave their homes following the passage of the Japanese Exclusion Act of 1942.

Description (physical):

B&W Photograph

Location:
5001 Hwy. 395 Independence,California 93526
Identifier:
LC-USZ62-43696
Institution:
Manzanar National Historic Site