Everything You Never Knew About American History And Were Afraid You’d Be Asked

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(A) broadening the right of married women to hold property in their own names; (B) gaining the right of women to vote in national elections; (C) expanding the opportunity for women to receive a college education; (D) improving the job opportunities for women in the teaching profession at the elementary level.

16 The strategy of the Confederacy at the start of the Civil War was based on all of the following assumptions EXCEPT :

(A) Cutting the North in two by seizing Washington and thrusting northward into Maryland and Pennsylvania would force the North to sue for peace. (B) The dependence of Great Britain and France on southern cotton would lead them to grant diplomatic recognition and give military aid to the Confederacy. (C) Arming the slaves would help the South to offset superior northern manpower. (D) Southern control of the port of New Orleans would induce the states in the upper Mississippi Valley to join the Confederacy.

17 Federal policy toward Indians between the 1880’s and the 1930’s was based mainly on the assumption that

(A) the Indians should be assimilated into white society; (B) Indian culture and tribal organization should be nurtured; (C) interference with Indian culture and tribal organization should not be permitted; (D) the Indians should be removed from their homeland areas and relocated in Indian Territory.

18 In the first decade of the 20th century, black leaders debated the issues of direct political action to obtain civil rights and the type of training or education blacks should seek. The chief figures in these debates were

(A) Benjamin Banneker and Frederick Douglass (B) Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois (C) Marcus Garvey and Father Divine (D) A. Philip Randolph and the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.

19 Collective bargaining between labor and management became widespread in American industry after

(A) the voluntary acquiescence of large industries that had suffered major strikes in the late 19th century; (B) a Supreme Court decision written by Justice Holmes in the early 20th century; (C) legislation enacted during the administration of President Wilson before World War I; (D) legislation enacted during the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930’s.

20 The Korean and Vietnam wars were similar in all of the following respects EXCEPT :

(A) Warnings were voiced by some respected military leaders against the U.S. becoming bogged down in a land war in Asia. (B) Domestic support of the war declined, as the possibility of a quick and decisive U.S. military victory grew remote. (C) U.S. troops were engaged against an essentially guerrilla enemy force. (D) The war remained limited rather than leading to war directly between, or among, the major powers.

21 The diversity of local manufacturing shown in the census in the box below for a small town in Ohio in the early 19th century was characteristic of an area that had yet to

(A) adopt the system of rectangular land surveys and establish credit facilities for persons buying land at public auction; (B) make the transition from a barter to a cash economy; (C) accumulate an adequate supply of skilled labor to facilitate industrial growth; (D) be made accessible as a market for eastern manufactures by the construction of canals and railroads through the Appalachian barrier.

… 3 saddlers, 3 hatters, 4 blacksmiths, 4 weavers, 6 boot and shoe makers, 8 carpenters, 3 tailors, 3 cabinet makers, 1 baker, 1 apothecary, and 2 wagon makers’ shops—2 tanneries, 1 shop for making wool carding machines, 1 with a machine for spinning wool, 1 manufactory for spinning thread from flax, 1 nail factory, 2 wool carding machines. Within the distance of six miles from the town were—9 merchant mills, 2 grist mills, 12 saw mills, 1 paper mill with 2 vats, 1 woolen factory with 4 looms, and 2 fulling mills.

© 1976 BY THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY. REPRINTED BY PERMISSION.