All Contributors

Mr. Packer is a western history buff who is studying for a doctor’s degree in entomology at Utah State University.

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—Peter Padfield’s latest book about naval warfare is Maritime Supremacy and the Opening of the Western Mind .

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—Camille Paglia is a professor of humanities at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia. Her fourth book, a study of Alfred Hitchcock’s The Birds , was recently published.

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Jay Parini’s books include Robert Frost: A Life and the novel The Apprentice Lover .

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Parker, Joan is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>
Parkman, Francis is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>


Irene M. Patten is a New Englander who has taught English in secondary schools in Maine and Massachusetts.

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Phil Patton is a writer and a journalist who primarily writes about automobiles.

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Rodman W.

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pc, rohit is member for American Heritage site since 2016. More >>
Pearson, Michael is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>
Peckham, Howard H. is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>

Mr. Penick, who teaches history at Loyola University in Chicago, based this article on research made possible by a grant-in-aid from the American Council of Learned Societies.

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James Penick.Jr., a professor of American history at Loyola University in Chicago, has recently completed a book entitled The New Madrid Earthquakes .

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Penik,, James is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>
Penland, Dane A. is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>

Otto Penzler owns the Mysterious Bookshop in New York City and founded the Mysterious Press.

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Geoffrey Perret is an American historian and author who has written numerous presidential biographies and books about the American military.

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COPYRIGHT © 1941 BY ROBBINS MUSIC CORPORATION, EDGAR LESLIE, AND FRED FISHER MUSIC CO., INC. FULL COPYRIGHT INFORMATION AT END OF ARTICLE.

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George Perry is a British critic, author, and broadcaster, and former film editor of the London Sunday Times.

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Clay Perry is the author of Underground Empire , the last in a series on American caves. He is now writing an historical novel on Knox’s feat, in collaboration with John L. E. Pell.

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Joseph E. Persico, a historian and biographer, served in the U.S. Navy and worked as a speechwriter for Vice President Nelson Rockefeller.

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—Ralph Peters is a former military officer whose novels include The War in 2020 .

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COPYRIGHT © 1971 BY PETER COPELAND AND HAROLD L. PETERSON

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Pamela Petro, a free-lance writer, once spent a summer working as a chambermaid on Block Island.

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Mr. Phifer’s interest in Sam Davis began in grade school, when he read a poem about the Confederacy’s boy hero.

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Nathaniel Philbrick is a National Book Award winner and author most recently of The Last State: Custer, Sitting Bull, and the Battle of the Little

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—Among Cynthia Owen Philip’s books are Wilderstein and the Suckleys: A Hudson River Legacy and Imprisoned in America: 1776 Through Attica.

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Phillips, John L. is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>

Mr. Auchincloss is both a novelist and a practicing lawyer as well as president of the Museum of the City of New Tork.

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John A. Phillips, who is with the History of Consciousness program at the University of California in Santa Cruz, teaches in the field of religious studies.

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Pigafetta, Antonio is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>

Robert E. Pike is now a writer and professor, but his respect for rivermen comes from first-hand knowledge. As a young man, he worked in various New England lumber camps.

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Pitcairn, O. Fisk is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>

Mr. Pitz is the author of nine books on the subject of illustration, and his own art appears in over 160 additional volumes.

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Nina Ascoly is an American writer and researcher. Bart Plantenga, half-Dutch, half-Frisian, is a novelist and radio disk jockey. Both live in Amsterdam.

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Mr. Plowden is a New York free-lance photographer with a fine eye for vanishing Americana. This article is adapted from his new book, Farewell to Steam, just published by the Stephen Greene Press.

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Sir John Harold Plumb (1911–2001) was a preeminent historian who wrote primarily on the 18th century and authored 35 books.

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The author is a professional writer and photographer living in Ireland.

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Poe, Edgar A. is member for American Heritage site since 2011. More >>

Victoria Pope is the deputy editor of National Geographic magazine and its chief editor for text. Before joining National Geographic in November 2005, she was the executive editor for U.S. News and World Report.

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Bruce D. Porter teaches political science at Brigham Young University.

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—Gerald Posner is the author of Case Closed: Lee Harvey and the Assassination of JFK and Killing the Dream: James Earl Ray and the Assassination of Martin

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