All Contributors

Brouwer, Norman
Norman Brouwer is ship historian for the South Street Seaport Museum of New York. A television special on the Cape Horn passage will be aired sometime this summer.
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Browin, Frances Williams
Frances Williams Browin, a former editor with magazines and a publishing house, is the author of a number of books for young people, including Big Bridge to Brooklyn: The Roebling Story , just published.
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Brown, Lewis S.
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Brown, Richard C.
Richard C. Brown is professor of history at the State University College at Buffalo, New York. He is currently at work on a joint biography tentatively entitled Mark Sullivan and Herbert Hoover: The Story of a Friendship .
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Brown, Dee
This article has been adapted from Hear That Lonesome Whistle Blow , the author’s eighteenth book on Western history, which will be published later this spring by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
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Brown, Martha C.
Martha C. Brown is a free-lance writer.
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Brown, Richard D.
The author, Dr. Richard D. Brown, is professor of history at the University of Connecticut. Earlier versions of this essay were delivered at the Connecticut Historical Society and at a conference on Massachusetts history at Westfield State College.
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Brown, Robert B.
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Brown, Joseph E.
Joseph E. Brown is a freelance writer who lives in Rockport, Maine.
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Brown, David
—David Brown is a producer of many movies, including The Sting and Jaws.
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Brown, Wilson
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Brown, m.a., Solyman
Urilla’s sorry tale is part of a long, long poem published in 1833 by one of the founding fathers of American dentistry. It was brought to our attention by John W. Howard of the dental-school faculty at West Virginia University.
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Brownlow, Kevin
Kevin Brownlow’s books on the movies include The Parade’s Gone By and Hollywood: The Pioneers .
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Broyles,, William Jr.
A former editor in chief of Texas Monthly magazine, William Broyles, Jr., is now a free-lance writer in New York. These pictures were collected for a research project funded by the Du Pont Company and Conoco. Most of them appear in Historic Texas: A Photographic Portrait , edited by Ma
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Bruce, Robert V.
Robert Vance Bruce (1923 – 2008), an American historian, won the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for History for his book The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846–1876. He later received his Doctor of Philosophy from Boston University, where he became a professor. He also taught at the University of Bridgeport, Lawrence Academy at Groton, University of Wisconsin and was a lecturer at the Fo
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Brust, m.d., James S.
James S. Brust, M.D., is a psychiatrist in San Pedro, California, and a long-time collector of prints and photographs.
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Bryan, Jane
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Bryant, Rene Kuhn
Rene Kuhn Bryant, a novelist and formerly head of foreign news research for Life , is now a part-time correspondent for Time, Inc., in Boston and a free-lance magazine writer. She lives in Lexington, Massachusetts.
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Bryant, Alison
Alison Bryant is a reporter for the Montgomery Gazette and writes for The Washington Post. She has a journalism degree from the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications.
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Bryce, James
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Bryson, Lyman L.
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Buckland, Gail
Gail Buckland is the author of Reality Recorded: Early Documentary Photography and is a co-author, with Harold Evans, of They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine— Two Centuries of Innovators. Buckland serves as the Distinguished Visiting Professor at The Coo
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Buckley, Christopher
—Christopher Buckley is the editor of Forbes FYI magazine. His latest book is Wry Martinis .
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Budiansky, Stephen
Stephen Budiansky is a journalist and author who has worked as an editor and national security correspondent for U.S. News & World Report and asa a Congressional Fellow at the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment. He has written 14 books about technology, military and security history, and nature. In January 2011 Budiansky completed Perilous Fight, a history of the America
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Budowsky, Benjamin
Benjamin Budowsky North Miami Beach, Fla.
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Buehr, Wendy
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Bultman, Bethany Ewald
Bethany Ewald Bultman writes regularly on New Orleans food, entertaining, and gastronomic history.
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Burgis, Rosemary L.
Rosemary L. Burgis is a writer and editor living in London. Operation Ouerlord: The History of an Embroidery and an Invasion , by the museum curator, Stephen Brooks, and by Eve Eckstein, is available in England.
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Burkhalter, Lois
Mrs. Burktialter is curator of the Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute in San Antonio. Her research on Joe Chadwick brought to light Catlin’s unpublished portrait of Joe.
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Burleigh, Nina
Nina Burleigh is a journalist and adjunct faculty member at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. She has covered the presidency, American Middle East policy, and religious violence both in the United States and abroad.
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Burlingame, Roger
Roger Burlingame, a free-lance writer for the past thirty years, is the author of numerous histories, biographies, novels, and juveniles, as well as a steady contributor to the country’s leading magazines. This article is based on a chapter in his forthcoming book, The American Conscience.
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Burlingame, Michael
Michael Burlingame is a professor of history at Connecticut College and the author of The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln (University of Illinois Press, 1994). He is currently at work on a multivolume biography of Lincoln.
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Burnham, Philip
Philip Burnham is a freelance journalist based in Washington who specializes in issues concerning American minorities.
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Burns, James Macgregor
James MacGregor Burns, winner of the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Aeard for Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom, 1940-1945, served as a combat historian in World War II. He is Woodrow Wilson Professor Emeritus of Government at Williams College, a Distinguished Leadership Scholar at the James MacGregor Burns Academy of Leadership at the Un
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Burns, Ric
The writer and director and, with Lisa Ades, producer of the recent documentary film The Donner Party , Ric Burns has traveled extensively along the routes of the Oregon and California trails. He is currently at work on a three-hour film about the heyday of the Wild West and the closing of the frontier.
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Burns, Ken
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Burrell, Brian
Brian Burrell is the author of The Words We Live By: The Creeds, Mottoes, and Pledges That Have Shaped America .
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Burroughs, John R.
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Burrows, Edwin G.
Edwin G. Burrows , winner of the 1999 Pulitzer Prize for Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898 (Oxford USA 1998) with Mike Wallace, is a distinguished professor of history at Brooklyn College. He is the author of 2008's Forgotten Patriots: The Untold Story of American
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Burwell, Basil
A Quaker himself, Basil Burwell is consultant to the proposed John Woolman Room of the Burlington College Library in Pemberton, New Jersey. He is dean of faculty at the Cherry Lawn School m Dänen, Connecticut. His text for this article is based chiefly on the Everyman’s Library edition of the Journal , edited by Vida
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Butow, R.j.c.
R. J. C. Butow is the author of several books on diplomatic history, the most recent being The John Doe Associates .
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Butterfield, L. H.
Former director of the Institute of Early American History and Culture at Williamsburg, L. H. Butterfield is editor-in-chief of the Adams Papers . An expanded version of the foregoing article appeared in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography in April, 1953.
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Butterfield, Roger
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Button, Dick
The author of this article, Dick Button, has won the Olympic, World, European, North American and United States skating championships. He is a theatrical and television producer, a lawyer, and author of a book, Dick Button on Skates .
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Byrd, Max
Max Byrd is a historical writer who previously taught English at Yale University and the University of California-Davis. Born in Atlanta, Byrd first specialized in writing crime novels before switching to focus on historical fiction; his works include Jefferson, Jackson, Grant, and his most recent book, Shooting the Sun, published in 2004.
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Cable, Mary
“& Mary Cable lives in Santa Fe, among the scenes that Sloan painted. Recently she published a novel, Avery’s Knot, based on a nineteenth-century murder.
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Caidin, Martin
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Caldwell, H. Mitchell
H. Mitchell Caldwell is a professor at the Pepperdine University School of Law. Caldwell primarily teaches criminal procedure, criminal law, and trial advocacy, and has tried cases in the California and United States Supreme Courts. He co-authored The Devil's Advocates with Michael S. Lief in 2007.Professor Caldwell has received several teaching awards, including the Richard Jacobs
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Caldwell, Orester
Orester Caldwell, a publishing executive, was a former member of the first Federal Radio Commission, whose functions were later absorbed by the Federal Communications Commission.
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Callaghan, James
James Callaghan is a Western-history writer for the National Tombstone Epitaph in Arizona.
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Callahan, Tom
Tom Callahan believes he may have stayed at the Home Sweet Home Motel during his first visit to the battlefield as a five-year-old in 1963. The visit, not the motel, spurred his lifelong fascination with the Civil War.
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Callow., Alexander B. Jr.
Mr. Callow is an associate professor of history at Purdue University. He has just completed a book on the Tweed Ring, to be published next spring by Oxford University Press.
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Calloway, Collin G.
Collin G. Calloway is the John Kimball, Jr. Professor of History and Professor of Native American Studies at Dartmouth College. He received his P.h.D. from the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom, and has written many books on Native American history, including The Indian History of an American Institution: Native Americans and Dartmouth.
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Calvin, Ruth Mehrtens
Ruth Mehrtens Calvin, a Boston-based writer who is a senior correspondent for Time , participated in raising funds for the recent restoration of SaintGaudens’s Shaw Memorial. Jerry L. Thompson’s photographs were taken for the book Augustus Saint-Gaudens: God-like S
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Canby, Courtlandt
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Cantelon, Philip L.
Mr. Cantelon is a young scholar and teacher of history currently working on his doctorate at Indiana University. In addition to many documentary sources at Hyde Park and in Washington, D.C., and contemporary news accounts, the author found particularly interesting John Wheeler-Bennett’s biography, King George VI (St. Martin
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Canton, Donald R.
Donald R. Canton, a teacher and writer, lives in Pembroke, Maine, fifty miles from St. Andrews.
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Card, James
James Card, a film maker, collector, and historian, has taught at the University of Rochester since 1961.
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Cardin, Julianne
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Carle, Glenn L.
Glenn L Carle is a Foreign Service officer whose ancestors fought with the Kansas Cavalry.
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Carlin, Peter Ames
Peter Ames Carlin is a culture reporter for The Oregonian and has authored two books: Paul McCartney: A Life, published in 2009, and Catch a Wave: The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of the Beach Boys' Brian Wilson, released in 2006. Carlin previously worked as a senior writer for People magazine, and his work can be found in The New York
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Carlisle, Marcia R.
Marcia R. Carlisle is a historian and writer who currently teaches at Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire.
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Carlova, John
A sports-car enthusiast, John Carlova has worked all over the world as a newspaperman and magazine writer, and now lives in Laguna Beach, California. He has just published a novel, Adam and Evil .
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Carlson, W. bernard
W. Bernard Carlson is a Professor at the University of Virginia, with appointments in the Department of Science, Technology, and Society (School of Engineering) and the History Department (College of Arts and Sciences). He received his Ph.D in the history and sociology of science from the University of Pennsylvania and did his postdoctoral work in business history at the Harvard Business School. H
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Carmer, Carl
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Carnahan, William E.
William E. Carnahan is retired from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and is now a freelance writer and photographer. The U.S. National Arboretum, 3501 New York Ave., N.E., Washington, DC 20002-1958, is open daily (202-544-8733).
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Carnes, Mark C.
Mark C. Carnes is a professor of history at Barnard College, Columbia University. He was Co-General Editor of the 26-volume American National Biography (1999). During the past decade, he has been involved in "Reacting to the Past," a pedagogical initiative in which college students play elaborate games, set in the past, their roles informed by classic texts. His book on Reacting, M
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Carr, Caleb
—Caleb Carr is the author of The Alienist and The Angel of Darkness .
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Carrier, Rebecca
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Carroll, Donald
For years, Donald Carroll, the author of eight books, kept running across the name of Varian Fry in reports about artists who had escaped Nazism and come to America. Finally his curiosity was so aroused that he went to work digging out Fry’s story.
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Carson, Gerald
Gerald Carson, who died in 1989, was a Contributing Editor of American Heritage.
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Carson, Gerald H.
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Carson, Marian S.
Marian S. Carson has written on many aspects of American art history but has a special interest in the beginnings of photography.
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Carson, Clayborne
Stanford University historian Clayborne Carson has devoted most his professional life to the study of Martin Luther King, Jr. Under his direction, the King Papers Project has produced six volumes of a definitive, comprehensive edition of speeches, sermons, correspondence, publications, and unpublished writings. Professor Carson is the d
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Carter, Samuel Iii
Mr. Carter, author of the recently published Cyrus Field: Man of Two Worlds , lives in Wakefield, R. I.
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Carter, Dan T.
The book from which this article is adapted started as a doctoral thesis; it will be published under the title Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South by the Louisiana State University Press in January, 1969. The twenty-eightyear-old author, Dan T. Carter, is an assistant professor of history at the University of M
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Carter, William
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Carter, Betty W.
Betty W. Carter is publisher of the Delta Democrat-Times in Greenville, Mississippi, and a free-lance writer on conservation, travel, and agricultural topics. Together with her husband, the late Hodding Carter, she wrote two books, So Great a Good (1955) and
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Carter, Tom
Tom Carter teaches journalism at Georgia Southern University and is a student of battleship history.
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Cartier, J. S.
J. S. Cartier is an artist and photographer whose current subject is the natural and man-made environment of New York City.
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Case, Perry
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Castel, Albert
Mr. Castel, professor of American history at Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, is the author of A Frontier State at War: Kansas, 1861–1865 and of William Clarke Quantrill: His Life and Times . For further reading: Sam Houston,
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Cather, Willa
This article is taken from The World and the Parish: Willa Gather’s Articles and Reviews, 1893-1902 , edited by William M. Curtin, to be published by the University of Nebraska Press in November. COPYRIGHT ©1970 BY THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA PRESS
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Catlin, George
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Catton, Bruce
Bruce Catton (1899 – 1978) was the Founding Editor of American Heritage and arguably the most prolific and popular of all Civil War historians. He wrote an astonishing 167 articles for the magazine, and won a Pulitzer Prize for history in 1954 for A Stillness at Appomattox, his study of the final campaign of the war in Virginia. Catton received the Presidential Me
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Catton, William B.
William B. Cation, instructor in history at the University of Maryland, is writing a life of John W. Garrett to complete the requirements for a Ph.D. at Northwestern University.
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Cawthon, Charles R.
A newspaper editor before World War n, Charles R. Cawthon chose to remain on active duty after hostilities were over and later commanded a battalion in the Korean War. Now retired, he operates a tree farm in Virginia.
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Cawthon, Charles
A newspaper editor before World War II, Charles R. Cawthon (1912-1996) was a front-line officer whose 116th Infantry Regiment landed at Omaha Beach on D-Day and fought its way across Europe to the Elbe. He joined the Virginia National Guard in 1940 and when America entered the war, his division was among the first shipped out to England, where they spen
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Cecchini, Toby
Toby Cecchini is the author of Cosmopolitan: A Bartender’s Life .
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Cecil, Robert
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Cenedella, Robert
Mr. Cenedella, a free-lance writer living in New York, has written for television as well as for many national magazines. He was formerly with the Public Affairs Department of the National Broadcasting Company.
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Ceram, C. W.
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Chadwick, Bruce
Bruce Chadwick is a writer and professor who teaches Film, History, and English at Rutgers University and New Jersey City University. He worked at the New York Daily News before completing a P.h.D in American History from Rutgers. He has written over 20 books on history and baseball, most notably The General & Mrs. Washington: The Untold Story of a Marriage and a Revolution, Th
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Chambers ii, John Whiteclay
Professor Chambers, who teaches history at Barnard College, Columbia University, is preparing a book on the subject of the ex-Presidency.
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Chancellor, John
John Chancellor, senior commentator for NBC News, has reported on armed conflict from Cuba, Algeria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Vietnam.
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Chapman, Daniel T.
Daniel T. Chapman, a colonel m the United States Army, became interested in the Carlisle Indian School when he was studying at the Army War College located on the site of the old school.
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Charters, Samuel
Samuel Charters has written about the blues and jazz and made recordings of the blues, jazz, and folk music, many of them award-winning, since the 1950s. This article is adapted from The Blues Makers , published this April by Da Capo Press.
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Cheek, Lawrence W.
Lawrence W. Cheek has written nine books about Arizona and New Mexico. He now lives in Seattle but continues to explore and write about his native Southwest.
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Cheever, Benjamin
Benjamin Cheever has written four novels — The Plagiarist, The Partisan, Famous After Death, and The Good Nanny—and two nonfiction works, Selling Ben Cheever and Strides: Running Through History With an Unlikely Athlete. He is also the editor of The Letters of John Cheever. Cheever has also been a reporter for The New York Times, The Nation, and The
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Cheney, Lynne
A native of Wyoming and holder of a doctorate in literature from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Lynne Cheney is a Social and Cultural Studies senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. Dr. Cheney previously served as Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities after working as an editor and a freelance writer. Married to former Vice President Dic
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