- Historic Sites
Leonard Falkner is features editor of the New York World-Telegram and Sun . A past contributor to AMERICAN HERITAGE (“A Spy for Washington,” August, 1957), he is the author of Forge of Liberty, published last year by E. P. Button & Co.
This memoir is reprinted from William Faulkner of Oxford , a book of reminiscences about the novelist, edited by James W. Webb and A. Wigfall Green. It was publish in October by the Louisiana State University Press. The author, Murry Flakner, William’s only surviving brother, has always retained the original spelling o
Julie Fanselow, a freelance writer, lives in Idaho. Her books include Traveling the Lewis and Clark Trail (Falcon/Globe Pequot, 2003).
COPYRIGHT © 1968 BY PETER FARB Mr. Farb, curator of American Indian cultures at the Riverside Museum in New York City and a consultant to the Smithsonian Institution, is an anthropologist and historian. He is also a prolific writer; the book from which this article is excerpted is his twelfth. Entitled
Oliver La Farge was a professional anthropologist before he turned to writing as his career. Since then he has pursued anthropology, especially American Indian ethnology, as an avocation. He is the author of a number of popular books, among them Laughing Boy (Pulitzer Prize novel for 1929), as well as scientific works.
Dr. Laurence Farmer has compiled a volume of physicians’ letters covering the last 250 years, entitled Doctors’ Legacy . He discussed the 1793 epidemic of yellow fever in Philadelphia in the April, 1956, issue of AMERICAN HERITAGE .
Byron Farwell, who lives in Virginia, is the author of many books on Englishmen, British history, and Africa, the most recent of which is The Great Anglo-Boer War, published this month by Harper O1 Row. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.
Don. E. Fehrenbacher is a member of the board of advisers of this magazine and the author of The Dred Scot Case , which won the 1979 Pulitzer prize for history. This is his first appearance in our pages. This article originated as the R. Gerald McMurtry Lecture for 1979, under the auspices of the Louis A. Warren Lincoln
Joe Michael Feist is a Texas freelance writer.
Ellen Feldman is an author, historian, and 2009 Guggenheim Fellow who has written three books: Scottsboro, The Boy Who Loved Anne Frank, and Lucy. Feldman frequently writes for The Huffington Post and American Heritage, and has lectured across the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
Earl Fendelman is Associate Professor of English at Lehman College, the City University of New York.
—J. M. Fenster is the author of the forthcoming Ether Day: A Strange Tale of the Discovery ‘of Anesthesia and the Haunted Men Who Made It .
Julie M. Fenster is a noted American author. Her book Ether Day: The Strange Tale of America's Greatest Medical Discovery and the Haunted Men Who Made It won the Anesthesia Foundation Award for Best Book in 2004, and her 2006 book, Parish Priest, co-authored with Douglas Brinkley, was a New York Times bestseller.
Professor Richard Challener, of Princeton University, is a specialist in modern American diplomatic and military history. John Fenton, a former editor with the Gallup Poll, works in Princeton !? Office of Public Information. They are writing a biography of John Foster Duties to be published by Harper & Row.
Robert H. Ferrell, professor of history at the University of Indiana, specializ.es in American diplomatic history. Some of his other incisive and independent views appeared in “Conversations with Historians,” AMERICAN HERITAGE , February, 1970.
Gerard Piel, class of 1937 and twice elected to the Harvard Board of Overseers, is chairman of Scientific American .
James A. Field, Jr., is Isaac H. Clothier Professor of History and International Relations Emeritus at Swarthmore College.
Wayne Fields teaches American literature at Washington University in St. Louis. He is author of What the River Knows and a forthcoming book on presidential rhetoric, A Union of Words .
— Martin Filler is the architecture critic of The New Republic and writes for The New York Review of Books .
Kenneth Finkel is the curator of prints at the Library Company of Philadelphia.
David Hackett Fischer is the Earl Warren Professor of History at Brandeis University and is best-known for writing Albion's Seed and the Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington's Crossing (Pivotal Moments in American History).
Dorothy Canfield Fisher was born in Lawrence, Kansas, and now lives in Arlington, Vermont. She is a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters and has been publishing books regularly since 1904. Her short stories are contained in numerous anthologies.
Marshall Fishwick, professor of American studies at Washington and Lee University, is the author of Virginia, the first volume in Harper’s new “Regions of America” series. He has just returned from a Fulbright lectureship in Denmark.
James Marston Fitch, an authority on architectural history, is now director of Historic Preservation for the New York architectural firm ofBeyer, Blinder, and Belle.
Born in Boston in 1934, Thomas Acton Fitzgerald now lives in Denver, Colorado, where he is principal of the Lower School at Colorado Academy. Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy is his father’s elder sister.
Constantine FitzGibbon is the author of numerous books, including When the Kissing Had to Stop, The Life of Dylan Thomas , and Drink.
Kathleen Fitzsimmons is a teacher and historian living in Leadville, where she enjoys the mountains, myths, and people of Colorado.
Jack Flam is a professor of art history at Brooklyn College and at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and art critic for The Wall Street Journal . He wrote about the society painter Guy Pène du Bois in our February 1989 issue.
Thomas Fleming, a longtime contributor and former president of the Society of American Historians, recently published the 50th anniversary edition of his Now We Are Enemies: The Story of Bunker Hill (American History Press 2010). Born in Jersey City, NJ, Fleming served in the United States Navy before graduating with
E. McClung Fleming is a noted researcher and author who has written such books as R.R. Bowker: Militant Liberal, and A tribute to Charles F. Montgomery, 1910-1978.
Beatrice Hudson Flexner is a professional singer and instrumentalist who has made a specialty of performing early American music, and has also lectured on the subject. She is the wife of the American historian James Thomas Flexner.
James Thomas Flexner (1908-2003) was most famous for his extensive writings on American art history and a four-volume biography of George Washington, for which he won a special Pulitzer citation. Flexner's other historical biographies include the one-volume Washington: The Indispensable Man, The Young Hamilton, Mohawk Baronet (Sir William J
Marshall Fishwick ii associate professor of American studies at Washington and Lee University. Among his recent books are The Virginia Tradition. General Lee’s Photographer , and American Heroes: Myth and Reality .
Mrs. Jensen is the author of The White House and Its Thirty-Three Families . She and her husband, Howard, are preparing a TV film on the mansion’s paintings.
Eric Foner, the DeWitt Clinton Professor of History at Columbia University, has served as president of the Organization of American Historians, the American Historical Association, and the Society of American Historians. One of the foremost experts on the Civil War, Slavery, Reconstruction, and Abraham Lincoln, Foner's most recent book, The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery
Shelby Foote (1916 – 2005) was an American historian and novelist who wrote The Civil War: A Narrative, a massive, three-volume history of the war. Foote became well-known to the public after his appearance in Ken Burns's PBS documentary The Civil War in 1990. In 2003, Foote received the Peggy V. Helmerich Distinguished Author Award presented by the Tulsa Library Trust
Timothy Forbes is President and Chief Operating Officer of Forbes. Mr. Forbes joined the company in 1986 after negotiating the acquisition of the American Heritage division. He is involved in the strategic planning and business development of the company, and he serves as Chairman of Forbes.com. Prior to joining Forbes, Tim Forbes was an independent producer and screenwriter; his documentaries on
Diana Forbes-Robertson is a free-lance writer who makes her home in Europe.
C. S. Forester (1899-1966) wrote several novels with military and naval themes, including The African Queen, The Barbary Pirates, The General, The Good Shepherd, The Gun, The Last Nine Days of the "Bismarck," and Rifleman Dodd. But Forester is best known as the creator of Horatio Hornblower, a British naval genius of the Napoleonic era, whose exploits and adventures on the high seas Forester chron
Formerly a member of President Elsenhower’s White House staff, Mr. Fox has been a Congregational minister in various parts of the country, and is the author of books on church music and missionary activities.
William Price Fox is a novelist, journalist, and short-story writer. The final passage of his article comes from his most recent novel, Ruby Red , © 1971 by William Price Fox, and is reprinted here by permission of J. B. Lippincott Company.
Reuven Frank (1920-2006), who later served two stints as president of NBC News, was on hand for the turmoil at Logan Airport as a young newswriter. “I was one of the few, ” he says, “who doubted it was a clogged fuel line. Throughout, I felt like a kid with an all-points pass to the circus. ”
“U William C. Franz is a free-lance writer, specializing in the history of New York City and environs, and a co-founder of the Fort Wadsworth Museum on Staten Island.
Richard A. R. Fraser, M.D., is a professor of surgery (neurosurgery) at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center. He wishes to thank his three fellow researchers on the article: Aaron Zelman, Dirke Brunner, and James Dana.
Irwin F. Fredman has been an instructor in the humanities at Hobart College in upstate New York as well as an advertising man on Madison Avenue. Now semiretired, he is writing a study of American democracy, “in the spirit of Tocqueville,” tentatively titled How America Lost Its Balance . In it, he uses Great Neck, Lo
Frank Freidel is professor of history at Stanford University, and is working on an extensive biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt, of which two volumes have been published. The above article is a paper, slightly abridged, which he delivered at the meeting of the American Historical Association.
Robert Friedman’s article on historical archaeology appeared in our August/September 1983 issue.
Otto Friedrich’s most recent article for American Heritage was “ Traveling with a Sense of History ,” April 1987. He is a senior writer at Time magazine.
Will Friedwald is the jazz reviewer for the New York Sun and the author of seven books on music and popular culture.
Robert Froman is the author of The Nerve of Some Animals and One Million Islands for Sale . He contributed “The Red Ghost” to the April, 1961, issue of AMERICAN HERITAGE . For further reading: Pla
Thomas Froncek, a frequent contributor to AMERICAN HERITAGE , has traveled the route of the Donners. A free-lance writer and editor, he is the author of many magazine articles and Voices from the Wilderness: The Frontiersman’s Own Story (1974).
In 1950, Annette Riley Fry married Varian Fry, an American journalist who ran a rescue network in Vichy France that helped approximately 2,000 to 4,000 anti-Nazi and Jewish refugees to escape Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. Fry's grandfather had spent many years as the western agent of the Society, shepherding abandoned and orphaned New York children to
Lawrence H. Fuchs is Jaffee Professor of American Civilization and Politics and chairman of the department of American studies at Branden University. Among the many books he has written is John F. Kennedy and American Catholicism (Meredith Press, 1967). He wishes to acknowledge the assistance of Dan Fenn and Sylvie Turn
Dr. Claude Moore Fuess, headmaster emeritus of Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, is a schoolmaster by profession to whom biography is a hobby. He is the author of distinguished lives of Caleb Gushing, Daniel Webster, Rufus Choate, Calvin Coolidge, and other American political figures. He lives in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. This article was o
Bob Fulton is the author of The Summer Olympics: A Treasury of Legends and Lore , recently published by Diamond Communications, South Bend, Indiana.
—Alan Furst’s most recent novel is The World at Night .
J. C. Fumas, who lives in Lebanon, New Jersey, is the author of Goodbye to Uncle Tom , a study of the impact of Uncle Tom’s Cabin on the United States. This article is based on Mr. Furnas’ research for a forthcoming book entitled The Road to Harpers Ferry .
Neal Gabler is the author of An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood. His Winchell: Gossip, Power and the Culture of Celebrity has just been published by Knopf.
—John Kenneth Galbraith’s new book is Letters to Kennedy .
Robert S. Gallagher, (1934-2002) was frequent contributor to AMERICAN HERITAGE , and the editor of the Green Bay, Wisconsin, Press-Gazette in the 1970's and 1980's. He retired in 1996, but returned to journalism in 2000 to be the first editor of CityTalk, a biweekly magazine in Chicago.
Mr. Gallagher, an established writer of both fiction and nonfiction, discovered the gruesome events described above while doing research for a history of Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons. His book, to be published by Harcourt, Brace & World in October to commemorate the medical school’s two-hundredth anniversary, will be call
Thanks to James H. Bunn, Walter Burns, James M. ElHs, Emmett W. Fowler, Jr., I.J. Galantin (from Take Her Deep! ), Pips and Ruth Harris, William Herring, Harold Lang, and Stan Valentine for their remembrances of the mascots on their submarines.
Wayne Gard is an editorial writer for the Dallas Morning News and a contributor to various magazines. He is the author of four books; the most recent is The Chisholm Trial .
COPYRIGHT © 1973 BY JOSEPH L. GARDNER Roosevelt indeed had some political weight in the United States—and an interesting few years ahead. Although he declined the Bull Moose nomination for governor of New York later in 1914, he rejoined the Republican Party in 1916 and unsuccessfully sought the Presidential nomination. Whe
Martin Gardner, who writes a, column on mathematical games in the Scientific American, has annotated several well-loved texts, most notably Alice in Wonderland (The Annotated Alice) . His newest contribution is The Annotated Casey At The Bat , from which this article is taken. It will b
The late John A. Garraty was one of America’s foremost historians, a Contributing Editor of American Heritage for nearly 30 years, and Chairman of the History Department of Columbia University, where he taught for forty 40 years.Prof. Garraty was most famous for editing the 24-volume reference work American National Biography, which tells the story of the U.S. throug
Elisabeth Donaghy Garrett is director of Sotheby’s Educational Studies in New York City.
Henry Louis Gates, Jr. is the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor at Harvard University, and the director of the W. E. B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research. He recently completed The Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Reader (Basic Civitas Books, 2012), a collection of essays on history, culture, and African-American genealogy. Gates has hosted several PBS television minise
General Gavin commanded the famous 82nd Airborne Division during World War II. His On to Berlin, from which AMERICAN HERITAGE excerpted a section in our April/May, 1978, issue, was published last year.
Marvin Gelfand is a historian of New York City life.
Mr. Genini teaches California history at a Fresno high school and has published several articles on California history topics.
Robert Gessner, processor of motion pictures at New York University, has also been a screen writer, novelist, and poet. He is president of the newly organized Society of Cinematologists, devoted to the study of film as an art.
D. M. Giangreco is coauthor with Terry Griswold of Delta: America’s Elite Counterterrorist Force and, with Kathryn Moore, of Dear Harry…Truman’s Mailroom, 1945–1953 . He has recently completed The Soldier from Independence: A Military Biography of Harry Truman and Hell to
Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith is a novelist, a curator in London’s Victoria and Albert Museum, and one of the world’s leading aeronautical historians.
Christine Gibson is a freelance writer and editor who previously worked as an assistant editor at American Heritage. After her time at American Heritage, Gibson wrote Extreme Wonders: Natural Disasters in 2007, and Extreme Wonders: Planet Earth, in 2008.
Gary Giddins’s book Visions of Jazz: The First Century is now out in paperback from Oxford University Press.
Mr. Gies is Senior Editor/Technology for Encyclopedia Britannica . Among his books are Bridges and Men (Doubleday, 1963) and Adventures Underground (Thomas Y. Crowell). His sources for this article include C. M. Woodward’s
Richard Gilman, a free-lance writer living in New York City, is a contributor to HORIZON, The Commonweal , and other magazines, and writes frequently for television. For further reading: The James Family , by F. O. Matthiessen (Knopf, 1947);
Congressman Newt Gingrich served as Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999, having represented Georgia's Sixth District in Congress for 20 years. He is famous for co-authoring the "Contract with America" while serving in the House of Representatives. Gingrich also founded the 527 group, American Solutions for Winning the Future, in 2007. Gingrich was a candidate