One Hundred Years Of Huck Finn


Huck published in England and Canada by Chatto & Windus on December 10.


1885 Huck published in America (February 18) by Charles L. Webster & Co. Huck published in Germany (in English) by Tauchnitz. Danish and Dutch translations published.

1886 Les Aventures de Huck Finn published in France.

1888 Russian translation of Huck published. Five Russian editions appeared before World War I. Yale awards Twain an honorary M.A. degree.

1890 The first of more than thirty German translations of Huck is published.

1891 Andrew Lang, in London Illustrated News , calls Huck “nothing less than a masterpiece” and suggests that the “great American novel has escaped the eyes of those who watch.”

1896 Swedish translation published.

1898 First Polish translation published.

1900 First Czech translation published. A Harvard professor, Barret Wendell, calls Huck a “book which in certain moods one is disposed for all its eccentricity to call the most admirable work of literary art as yet produced on this continent.”

1901 Yale awards Twain an honorary Litt. D. degree.

1902 The University of Missouri gives Twain an honorary LL. D. degree, and the Denver and Omaha public libraries exclude Huck for fear that the “immoral and sacrilegious” book would “put wrong ideas in youngsters’ heads. ”

1903 Harper & Brothers acquires all copyrights to Mark Twain’s published writings and sells 41,000 copies of Huck in the next four years.

1904 First Finnish translation of Huck published.

William P. Trent, in A Brief History of American Literature , calls Huck a “masterpiece.”

1905 Huck is removed from the children’s room of the Brooklyn Public Library because it is a “bad example for ingenuous youth.”

1907 George Bernard Shaw writes a note to Twain: “I am persuaded that the future historian of America will find your works as indispensable to him as a French historian finds the political tracts of Voltaire.” Twain assails librarians in Worcester, Massachusetts, for banning Huck .

1908 The first Ukrainian translation of Huck is published.

1910 Mark Twain dies on April 21. First Lithuanian translation, of Huck is published.

1913 H. L. Mencken writes in Credo : “I believe that Huckleberry Finn is one of the great masterpieces of the world... I believe that [Twain] was the true father of our national literature, the first genuinely American artist of the blood royal.”


1915 Le Avventure di Huck Finn published in Italy.

1920 Paramount releases a silent movie version of Huck .

1921 First Japanese edition of Huck .

1923 First Spanish edition of Huck published.

1926 First Hebrew translation of Huck published.

1927 First Finnish translation of Huck published.

1930 First Norwegian translation of Huck published.