- Historic Sites
Richard Steven Street is a California historian, winner of the Phelan Award for Literature, who is currently completing a definitive history of California farm workers.
Shirley Streshinsky’s article on Midway Island appeared in the April 2001 issue.
“Charles B. Strozier is a professor of history at Sangamon State University in Springfield, Illinois. This article has been excerpted from his forthcoming book, Lincoln’s Quest for Union: Public and Private Meanings , which will be published soon by Basic Books.
Al J. Stump lives in California, where it all happened. He has written five books on sports in America.
Mr. Sturgis is a free-lance writer and railroad buff who lives in New York City. Among his sources for this article were The First Transcontinental Railroad , by John D. Galloway (Simmons-Boardman, 1950); The Big Four , by Oscar Lewis (Knopf, 1938); The Story
Boyd B. Stutler is a newspaperman who for 18 years was managing editor of the American Legion Magazine . He has followed the John Brown theme for 40 years and is now working on a biography. He lives in Charleston, W. Va.
William Clark Styron, Jr. (1925 – 2006) was an American novelist and essayist best known for his novels, including: Lie Down in Darkness (1951), The Confessions of Nat Turner (1967)and Sophie's Choice (1979); which inspired the Academy award-winning film starring Meryl Streep.
Until her death in 1960, Ruth Suckow was a distinguished regional writer, and many of her plots and characters have their roots in her native Iowa. Her first novel was Country People, published in 1924, and over the next thirty-five years there followed The Odyssey of a Nice Girl, The Bonney Family, The Folks, and several collections of short stories. T
Richard M. Sudhalter is jazz critic for the New York Post , author of Bix: Man and Legend , and a respected cornetist.
Mark Sufrin is a free-lance writer who has also directed film documentaries and been a motion-picture critic and lecturer.
Mr. Sugg, who is a leading authority on the works of John Faulkner, lives in Memphis, Tennessee, the metropolis nearest to Faulkner’s Mississippi hill country. It was with his cooperation, and with the kind permission of Mrs. John Faulkner, that the selection from Faulkner’s paintings on this and the following pages was made. With the exception of t
Mr. Sullivan, the distinguished science editor of the New York Times , has won many awards for his own writing on science.
Langdon Sully is the grandson of Alfred Sully. The letters and paintings included here belong to him and his brothers, Thomas, Robert, and Lealie
Col. Harry G. Summers, Jr., an infantry veteran of the Korean and Vietnam wars, is now on the faculty of the U.S. Army War College. He is the author of On Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War .
After a career in radio and television and as a professor of broadcasting, Tom Swafford is now retired and lives in Asheville, North Carolina.
A native of Illinois, Martha Swain has been a free lance writer in New York for several years and is now on the staff of the Office of Information Services at New York University
Jon Swan is an American poet, playwright, librettist, journalist, and editor. He studied at Oberlin College, from which he graduated with a degree in English in 1950. In the 1950s, he taught at the Ecole d'Humanite in Switzerland, worked for the American Friends Service Committee, and received a Master's Degree in English from Boston University. During the 1970s, he worked as a translator, from Du
W. A. Swanberg has written highly acclaimed biographies of two American journalists, William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, and is now at work on a third, on the late Henry Luce of Time, Inc. A major souce for this article was They Came to Kill , by Eugene, Rachlis (Random House, 1961).
Will D. Swearingen is studying for his doctorate at the University of Texas at Austin.
Patrick Sweeney is a leading gunsmith and the author of many books on guns and gunsmithing.
Kevin Sweeney is a Professor of American Studies and History at Amherst College. In 2003, Sweeney co-wrote Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield with Evan Haefeli. He specializes in colonial North American History, the American Revolution, and Native American history.
Dr. Sweet was a retired dentist who lived in Fairport, New York, where he wrote free-lance articles and listened to tram whistles whenever possible.
A. Hughlett Mason—no kin of Charles—has recently retired as senior physicist for the Army Chief of Staff. William F. Swindler, professor of legal history at the College of William and Mary, is a specialist in constitutional law and American political history.
Craig L. Symonds is a noted author, historian, speaker, and a professor emeritus at the United States Naval Academy, where he formally chaired the History Department. A former Naval officer himself, Symonds has written over a dozen books on American Naval history, President Abraham Lincoln, and the Civil War. For his most recent work, Lincoln and His Admirals: Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. Navy
Bernard Taper is a staff writer for The New Yorker . He is the editor of a volume of Mark Twain’s early journalism, Mark Twain’s San Francisco, the preface of which appeared in AMERICAN HERITAGE .
Professor Joel Tarr, of Carnegie-Mellon University, is an expert on the problems of America’s emerging urban centers in the early 1900’s.
Jerome Tarshis is a free-lance writer living in San Francisco.
John M. Taylor is the author of the 1970 biography Garfield of Ohio: The Available Man .
A lifelong editor and publisher, Coley Taylor is now retired and living in Mexico.
—Teller is the smaller, quieter half of Penn & Teller.
A writer on architecture, Allan Temko has been teaching at the University of California at Berkeley. He is presently at work on a history of San Francisco Bay and its culture.
—Edward Tenner is the author of Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences .
AMERICAN HERITAGE BOOK SELECTION COPYRIGHT © 1970 BY STUDS TERKEL
Louise Hall Tharp’s most recent book is Adventurous Alliance , a biography of Louis and Elizabeth Agassiz. She has also written biographies of Julia Ward Howe and Horace Mann. For further reading: Louis Agassiz: His Life and Correspondence , edited by Elizabet
John Demos is a professor of history at Yale University and the author most recently of The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story From Early America . Robert Thayer owns an antiques business in Sheffield, Massachusetts, specializing in the art and artifacts of the early Republic.
Mr. Thomas is a well-known writer whose latest book is Sam Ward: King of the Lobby . The present article is adapted from his history of Delmonico’s famous New York restaurant, to be published by Houghton Mifflin later this year. For further reading: William Jay Gayn
Hugh Thomas, Professor of History at the University of Reading, England, is the author of Cuba: The Pursuit of Freedom (Harper & Row, 1971) and The Spanish Civil War (Harper & Row, 1977).
Benjamin P. Thomas was the author of the acclaimed Abraham Lincoln: A Biography (New York, 1952). His 1934 book, Lincoln’s New Salem, remains a classic study of the frontier community that was the setting for Lincoln’s formative years.
Betty Flanders Thomson is associate professor of botany at Connecticut College in New London and is the author of The Changing Face of New England , which will soon be published by The Macmillan Company.
David Thomson is the author of The New Biographical Dictionary of Film and The Whole Equation: A History of Hollywood .
James Thomson, a member of the East Asian Research Center at Harvard University, lectures on history there but is likely to be more familiar to readers as one of the experts who appeared on the ABC-TV network to furnish commentary during President Nixon’s trip to China.
John Thorn is the author of several books, among them three on baseball; The Invisible Game will be published by Doubleday next year.
Joseph J. Thorndike, Jr., one of the founders of this magazine and now a contributing editor, is at work on a book about the Atlantic coast.
Joseph Jacobs Thorndike (1913 – 2005) was Managing Editor of Life for three years in the late 1940s, and a co-founder of American Heritage and Horizon magazines. In June 1934, he started work at Time magazine, writing People, Miscellany and Education articles. He was asked by Henry Luce to join a group planning a new picture magazine, and when Life de
Willis Thornton (1900-1965) was a journalist, historian, and editor. He joined Scripps-Howard in 1921, working for the CLEVELAND PRESS and then the Washington Daily News, where he became city editor. In 1930 he moved to the Scripps-Howard feature service, Newspaper Enterprise Assoc., working both in the New York office as bureau manager and in the Clevel
Tamara Thornton teaches nineteenth-century American history at the State University of New York at Buffalo.
John Tidwell, a writer and television producer, lives in Maryland.
Alan M. Tigay, who writes frequently about Brazil and trans-American immigration, is the editor of Hadassah Magazine.
Bernard Timberg is the author of Television Talk: A History of TV Talk Shows .
George B. Tindall, professor of history at the University of North Carolina, is the author of South Carolina Negroes, 1877–1900 . He is now working on The Emergence of the New South, 1913–1946 , last of the ten-volume A History of the South (Louisi
As a small boy, A. L. Todd met the hero of this article, who died in 1935 as a retired major general. Mr. Todd published Abandoned: The Story of The Greely Arctic Expedition 1881-1884 (McGraw-Hil, 1961), based on the General’s unpublished letters, diaries, and papers.
John Toland, a free-lance writer who lives in Red Bank, New Jersey, is the author of Ships in the Sky: The Story of the Great Dirigibles .
Robert C. Toll is the author of Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth-Century America (Oxford University Press, 1974) and On With the Show!: The First Century of Show Business in America (Oxford University Press, 1976). Much of the material in this article is adapted from those
A 1929 graduate of Annapolis, Admiral Tolley (1908—2000) was assistant naval attaché in Moscow from 1942 to 1944. He was the author of books on the history of the US Navy, including Yangtze Patrol, Cruise of the Lanikai, Caviar and Commissars: The Experiences of a U.S. Naval Officer in Stalin's Russia (2003).
—Jean K. Tool, a retired advertising executive, lives in Colorado.
Arthur Bernon Tourtellot (1913-1977) was an editor, author, and television producer who wrote and developed many projects on political and military history including William Diamond’s Drum: The Beginning of the War of the American Revolution (Doubleday, 1959). For further reading:
Mr. Tourtellot’s many books include William Diamond’s Drum: The Beginning of the War of the American Revolution (Doubleday, 1959) and Lexington and Concord (Norton, 1963). His principal sources for this article were memoirs written by Jersey ex-pr
This article is a slightly modified excerpt from a speech delivered before the Civil War Round Table of Chicago on October 17, 1952, by William H. Townsend of Lexington, lawyer and author of Lincoln, the Litigant, Lincoln and the Bluegrass , and other books, and a member of the National and Kentucky Lincoln Sesquicentenn
The town archivist in Danvers, Massachusetts, Richard B. Trask is preparing a book on the photographic history of Kennedy’s assassination.
James B. Trefethen is director of publications for the Wildlife Management Institute in Washmgon, D.C., and author of Crusade for Wildlife , a history of wildlife conservation published by the Boone and Crockett Club in 1961.
Lucian K. Truscott IV is a screenwriter and journalist who followed the 101st Airborne Division at the beginning of the Iraq War. Truscott also wrote the introduction to Jefferson’s Children, the Story of One American Family, by Shannon Lanier (a descendant of Sally Hemings) and Jane Feldman. The fascinati
Barbara Tuchman (1912 – 1989) was an American historian and author who first became known for her best-selling book The Guns of August, a history of the prelude to and first month of World War I, which won the Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction in 1963. She won a second Pulitzer for Stilwell and the American Experience in China (1972).
Fitzhugh Turner, a former associate editor of U.S. News & World Report , is currently publisher of the weekly Loudoun Times-Mirror in Leesburg, Virginia. He had summer jobs in the snowsheds before working as a reporter in Sacramento, California, where his father was division engineer f
Frederick Turner, a frequent contributor, is the author of three books, among them Remembering Song: Encounters With the New Orleans Jazz Tradition , to be issued by Viking in the spring of this year. He is currently working on a biography of John Muir.
Edwin S. Redkey, who teaches history at the State University of New York, College at Purchase, has written several books on Afro-American history and is currently preparing a biography of Henry M. Turner.
Lynn W. Turner is associate professor of American history at Indiana University. He is editor of The Historian , published by Phi Alpha Theta, national history honor society.
Peter Tuttle is writing a travel book about the American Southwest.
Larry Tye is author most recently of Satchel: The Life and Times of an American Legend (Random House 2009).
Jules Tygiel is the author of Baseball’s Greatest Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy . This article concerns an earlier period in Robinson’s life.
Stewart L. Udall (1920-2010) served as the 37th Secretary of the Interior under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson from 1961 to 1969. Prior to that, Udall flew missions over Europe in the Army Air Corps during World War II and served as a U.S. Congressman from Arizona. Udall and his younger brother, Mo, are remembered for their public service and dedication to environmental and civil rights issues.
Frank Uhlig, Jr., is special projects editor at the U.S. Naval Institute in Annapolis, Maryland. His articles on naval matters have been published in such magazines as Foreign Affairs and the U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings . For farther reading:
Owen Ulph teaches history and humanities at Reed College when he is not hauling feed to cows and horses on his Nevada ranch.
A former publisher for Time and Newsweek, Mark K. Updegrove is a noted author and historian who wrote Baptism By Fire: Eight Presidents Who Took Office in Times of Crisis, and Second Acts: Presidential Lives and Legacies After the White House, winning Foreward Magazine's Silver "Book of the Year" award for the latter.
Memories of the Ford Administration will be published this month by Knopf. John Updike’s essay on mortuary photography ran in our May/June issue.
Robert M. Utley is a writer and historian of the American West who served as the chief historian of the National Park Service. Utley has written over a dozen books on the West, from Billy the Kid: A Short and Violent Life, released in 1989, to Lone Star Justice: The First Century of the Texas Rangers, released in 2002. In 2004 University of Oklahoma Press released his memoirs, titled Custer and M
Robert M. Utley is the author of Billy the Kid: A Short and Violent Life (1989).
J. E. Vacha is a retired high school and college teacher who lives in Ohio.
Mr. Vaill is assistant secretary of Yale University and a habitual reader of AMERICAN HERITAGE .
COPYRIGHT © 1956 BY ALAN VALENTINE
Frederic F. Van de Water, who lives in Brattleboro, Vermont, is the author of many books. This article is based on his The Captain Called It Mutiny , published by Washburn.
Charles B. van Pelt is a major m the Air Force; he formerly taught history at the University of Alaska. For further reading: My Head and My Heart , by Helen Duprey Bullock (C. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1945).
William J. vanden Heuvel, who served as deputy U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations from 1979 to 1981, is president of the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and a lawyer and investment banker in New York.
Robert L. Vargas is a free-lance writer living in El Paso, Texas, Roth the author and the editors of AMERICAN HERITAGE wish to thank C. Bradford Milchell, former Director of Information for the American Merchant Marine Institute, for his technical advice and editorial assistance in the preparation of the article.