All Contributors

Steele, Ben
— Michael Norman , a professor at New York University’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute, and his wife, Elizabeth M. Norman , a professor at New York University Steinhardt School of Education, co-authored Tears in the Darkness: The Story of the Bataan Death March and Its
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Steer, Margery W.
Margery Wells Steer, who lives near Sherrodsville, Ohio, writes on American rural life. She has published numerous articles and a book, New Frontiers of Rural America .
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Stegner, Wallace
Wallace Stegner (1909-1993) was director of the creative writing program at Stanford University. He is the author of the 1972 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner, Angle of Repose, The Spectacular Bird, a National Book Award winner, and Beyond the Hundreth Meridian: John Wesley Powell and the Second Opening of the West. Stegner passed away at age 84 in 1993, and Stanford h
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Stegner, Page
Page Stegner wrote Winning the West: The Epic Saga of the American Frontier, 1800-1899 .
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Stein, Harry
Harry Stein, who graduated last year from the Columbia School of Journalism, is now a free-lance writer living in Pans.
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Stein, Robert
Robert Stein is an editor, author, and film critic who formerly served as Chairman of the American Society of Magazine Editors. In 2005 he released Media Power: Who is Shaping Your Picture of the World?, which details his prediction of the 24/7 media cycle in the United States. 
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Stein, Charles S.
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Steinberg, Alfred
Alfred Steinberg is a free-lance writer of history and reporter of the Washington scene. He collaborated with Senator Tom Connally on his autobiography and is currently writing a biography of Eleanor Roosevelt.
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Stella, Frank
Frank Stella is himself a renowned American artist; his most recent show opens this month at Manhattan’s Sperone Westwater Gallery.
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Stephenson, Albert B.
Albert B. Stephenson, a retired mechanical engineer, drives a 1922 Model T around Whittier, California.
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Stern, Philip Van doren
Philip Van Doren Stern, a student of Lincoln and the Civil War, has contributed several articles to AMERICAN HERITAGE . This article is adapted from An End to Valor, soon to be published by Houghton Mifflin Co.
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Stern, Rudi
Rudi Stern is a kinetic artist who is “concerned with neon’s potential as a medium of artistic expression.” This article was adapted from his book Let There Be Neon , which will be published soon by Harry N. Abrams.
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Stern, Sheldon M.
Sheldon M. Stern served as the historian at the John F. Kennedy Library in Boston from 1977 to 1999. Stern has taught American and African-American history, developed the American History Project for High School Students in 1992, and written several books on the Cuban Missile Crisis, including Averting the Final Failure: John F. Kennedy and the Sec
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Stevens, Frank J.
Frank J. Stevens North Hollywood, Calif.
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Stevens,, Francis R. Jr.
Col. Francis R. Stevens, Jr., is a retired Army officer currently under contract with the Appropriations Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives.
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Stevenson, Janet
Janet Stevenson (1913-2009) was a novelist, a journalist, and a social activist throughout her life. Stevenson wrote primarily on civil rights, the women's and the peace movements, and the environment. In 1986, she was elected mayor of Hammond, Oregon. Stevenson was writing and still politically active well into her 90s.
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Stevenson, Edward
The author, now enjoying the mixed blessings of social security, is a long-time movie addict who has had to resort to free-lance writing to support his habit. He is a contributing editor of The New Englander .
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Stevenson, Nikolai
Nikolai Stevenson, a retired New York sugar broker, is president of the Association for Macular Diseases.
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Stewart, George R.
A professor of English at the University of California, George R. Stewart is author of such best-selling novels as Storm and Fire and of the recent nonfiction success, U.S. 40 .
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Stewart, Linda Mck.
Linda McK. Stewart is a freelance writer.
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Stewart, Doug
Doug Stewart, a writer living in Ipswich, Massachusetts, most recently published The Boy Who Would Be Shakespeare: A Tale of Forgery and Folly (Da Capo Press 2010).
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Stewart, David O.
After practicing law for many years, David O. Stewart began to write history, too. His first book, The Summer of 1787: The Men Who Invented the Constitution, was a Washington Post bestseller and won the Washington Writing Award as Best Book of 2007. Two years later, Impeached: The Trial of President Andrew Johnson and the Fight for Lincoln’s Legacy, was a Davis-Kidd Bestseller
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Stilgoe, John R.
John R. Stilgoe, a recent winner of the Parkman Prize, is an associate professor at Harvard University and the author of Metropolitan Corridor .
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Stone, Edward T.
Mr. Stone works largely from sources in Spanish archives, and the story of La Navidad has never before been comprehensively told in English. He is the author of two earlier AMERICAN HERITAGE articles: “ Columbus and Genocide ” (October, 1975) and “ The Ma
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Stone,, Alfred E. Jr.
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Stone,, Albert E. Jr.
Mr. Stone, our guest columnist in Bruce Cation’s space, is an assistant professor of English and American Studies at Yale. He will become chairman of the Department of English at Emory University in Atlanta this autumn. He is the author of The Innocent Eye: Childhood in Mark Twain’s Imagination , and is at work on a
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Stout, Neil R.
Neil R. Stout is associate professor of history at the University of Vermont. He recently completed a book, The Royal Navy in America 1760-1775 , for the U.S. Naval Institute and is currently working on another thatfocusses on the year before the Revolution broke out—1774.
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Strand johnson, Rebecca
Rebecca Strand Johnson is an Ohio-based freelance writer, the author of Wyoming, Ohio (Arcadia Publishing, 2006).
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Stratton, T. K.
Ernest C. Miller has been an oil man for thirty years, as well as an author of books on petroleum. He has written Tintypes in Oil , and North America’s First Oil Well . T. K. Stratton is an industrialist who has made the collection of historical photographs his avocation.
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Strausbaugh, John
John Strausbaugh is a contributing editor at New York Press. The Drug-User , which he co-edited, is due from Blast Books in October.
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Strauss, William A.
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Strebeigh, Fred
Fred Strebeigh teaches writing at Yale.
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Street, Richard Steven
Richard Steven Street is a California historian, winner of the Phelan Award for Literature, who is currently completing a definitive history of California farm workers.
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Streshinsky, Shirley
Shirley Streshinsky’s article on Midway Island appeared in the April 2001 issue.
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Strozier, Charles B.
“Charles B. Strozier is a professor of history at Sangamon State University in Springfield, Illinois. This article has been excerpted from his forthcoming book, Lincoln’s Quest for Union: Public and Private Meanings , which will be published soon by Basic Books.
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Stump, Al J.
Al J. Stump lives in California, where it all happened. He has written five books on sports in America.
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Sturgis, Henry
Mr. Sturgis is a free-lance writer and railroad buff who lives in New York City. Among his sources for this article were The First Transcontinental Railroad , by John D. Galloway (Simmons-Boardman, 1950); The Big Four , by Oscar Lewis (Knopf, 1938); The Story
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Stutler, Boyd B.
Boyd B. Stutler is a newspaperman who for 18 years was managing editor of the American Legion Magazine . He has followed the John Brown theme for 40 years and is now working on a biography. He lives in Charleston, W. Va.
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Styron, William
William Clark Styron, Jr. (1925 – 2006) was an American novelist and essayist best known for his novels, including: Lie Down in Darkness (1951), The Confessions of Nat Turner (1967)and Sophie's Choice (1979); which inspired the Academy award-winning film starring Meryl Streep.
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Suckow, Ruth
Until her death in 1960, Ruth Suckow was a distinguished regional writer, and many of her plots and characters have their roots in her native Iowa. Her first novel was Country People, published in 1924, and over the next thirty-five years there followed The Odyssey of a Nice Girl, The Bonney Family, The Folks, and several collections of short stories. T
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Sudhalter, Richard M.
Richard M. Sudhalter is jazz critic for the New York Post , author of Bix: Man and Legend , and a respected cornetist.
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Sufrin, Mark
Mark Sufrin is a free-lance writer who has also directed film documentaries and been a motion-picture critic and lecturer.
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Sugg,, Redding S. Jr.
Mr. Sugg, who is a leading authority on the works of John Faulkner, lives in Memphis, Tennessee, the metropolis nearest to Faulkner’s Mississippi hill country. It was with his cooperation, and with the kind permission of Mrs. John Faulkner, that the selection from Faulkner’s paintings on this and the following pages was made. With the exception of t
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Sullivan, Walter
Mr. Sullivan, the distinguished science editor of the New York Times , has won many awards for his own writing on science.
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Sully, Langdon
Langdon Sully is the grandson of Alfred Sully. The letters and paintings included here belong to him and his brothers, Thomas, Robert, and Lealie
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Summers,, Harry G. Jr.
Col. Harry G. Summers, Jr., an infantry veteran of the Korean and Vietnam wars, is now on the faculty of the U.S. Army War College. He is the author of On Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War .
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Swafford, Tom
After a career in radio and television and as a professor of broadcasting, Tom Swafford is now retired and lives in Asheville, North Carolina.
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Swain, Martha
A native of Illinois, Martha Swain has been a free lance writer in New York for several years and is now on the staff of the Office of Information Services at New York University
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Swan, Jon
Jon Swan is an American poet, playwright, librettist, journalist, and editor. He studied at Oberlin College, from which he graduated with a degree in English in 1950. In the 1950s, he taught at the Ecole d'Humanite in Switzerland, worked for the American Friends Service Committee, and received a Master's Degree in English from Boston University. During the 1970s, he worked as a translator, from Du
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Swanberg, W. A.
W. A. Swanberg has written highly acclaimed biographies of two American journalists, William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, and is now at work on a third, on the late Henry Luce of Time, Inc. A major souce for this article was They Came to Kill , by Eugene, Rachlis (Random House, 1961).
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Swearingen, Will D.
Will D. Swearingen is studying for his doctorate at the University of Texas at Austin.
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Sweeney, Patrick
Patrick Sweeney is a leading gunsmith and the author of many books on guns and gunsmithing.
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Sweeney, Kevin
Kevin Sweeney is a Professor of American Studies and History at Amherst College. In 2003, Sweeney co-wrote Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield with Evan Haefeli. He specializes in colonial North American History, the American Revolution, and Native American history.
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Sweet, A. Porter s.
Dr. Sweet was a retired dentist who lived in Fairport, New York, where he wrote free-lance articles and listened to tram whistles whenever possible.
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Sweezy, Carl
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Swindler, William F.
A. Hughlett Mason—no kin of Charles—has recently retired as senior physicist for the Army Chief of Staff. William F. Swindler, professor of legal history at the College of William and Mary, is a specialist in constitutional law and American political history.
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Symonds, Craig L.
Craig L. Symonds is a noted author, historian, speaker, and a professor emeritus at the United States Naval Academy, where he formally chaired the History Department. A former Naval officer himself, Symonds has written over a dozen books on American Naval history, President Abraham Lincoln, and the Civil War. For his most recent work, Lincoln and His Admirals: Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. Navy
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Taper, Bernard
Bernard Taper is a staff writer for The New Yorker . He is the editor of a volume of Mark Twain’s early journalism, Mark Twain’s San Francisco, the preface of which appeared in AMERICAN HERITAGE .
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Tarr, Joel A.
Professor Joel Tarr, of Carnegie-Mellon University, is an expert on the problems of America’s emerging urban centers in the early 1900’s.
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Tarshis, Jerome
Jerome Tarshis is a free-lance writer living in San Francisco.
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Taylor, John M.
John M. Taylor is the author of the 1970 biography Garfield of Ohio: The Available Man .
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Taylor, Coley
A lifelong editor and publisher, Coley Taylor is now retired and living in Mexico.
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Teitelbaum, James
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—Teller is the smaller, quieter half of Penn & Teller.
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Temko, Allan
A writer on architecture, Allan Temko has been teaching at the University of California at Berkeley. He is presently at work on a history of San Francisco Bay and its culture.
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Tenner, Edward
—Edward Tenner is the author of Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences .
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Terkel, Studs
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Test, Test
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Tharp, Louise Hall
Louise Hall Tharp’s most recent book is Adventurous Alliance , a biography of Louis and Elizabeth Agassiz. She has also written biographies of Julia Ward Howe and Horace Mann. For further reading: Louis Agassiz: His Life and Correspondence , edited by Elizabet
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Thayer, Robert
John Demos is a professor of history at Yale University and the author most recently of The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story From Early America . Robert Thayer owns an antiques business in Sheffield, Massachusetts, specializing in the art and artifacts of the early Republic.
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Thomas, Lately
Mr. Thomas is a well-known writer whose latest book is Sam Ward: King of the Lobby . The present article is adapted from his history of Delmonico’s famous New York restaurant, to be published by Houghton Mifflin later this year. For further reading: William Jay Gayn
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Thomas, Hugh
Hugh Thomas, Professor of History at the University of Reading, England, is the author of Cuba: The Pursuit of Freedom (Harper & Row, 1971) and The Spanish Civil War (Harper & Row, 1977).
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Thomas, Benjamin P.
Benjamin P. Thomas was the author of the acclaimed Abraham Lincoln: A Biography (New York, 1952). His 1934 book, Lincoln’s New Salem, remains a classic study of the frontier community that was the setting for Lincoln’s formative years.
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Thompson, Lewis
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Thomson, Betty Flanders
Betty Flanders Thomson is associate professor of botany at Connecticut College in New London and is the author of The Changing Face of New England , which will soon be published by The Macmillan Company.
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Thomson, David
David Thomson is the author of The New Biographical Dictionary of Film and The Whole Equation: A History of Hollywood .
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Thomson,, James C. Jr.
James Thomson, a member of the East Asian Research Center at Harvard University, lectures on history there but is likely to be more familiar to readers as one of the experts who appeared on the ABC-TV network to furnish commentary during President Nixon’s trip to China.
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Thorn, John
John Thorn is the author of several books, among them three on baseball; The Invisible Game will be published by Doubleday next year.
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Thorndike,, Joseph J. Jr.
Joseph J. Thorndike, Jr., one of the founders of this magazine and now a contributing editor, is at work on a book about the Atlantic coast.
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Thorndike,, Joseph Jacobs Jr.
Joseph Jacobs Thorndike (1913 – 2005) was Managing Editor of Life for three years in the late 1940s, and a co-founder of American Heritage and Horizon magazines. In June 1934, he started work at Time magazine, writing People, Miscellany and Education articles. He was asked by Henry Luce to join a group planning a new picture magazine, and when Life de
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Thornton, Willis
Willis Thornton (1900-1965) was a journalist, historian, and editor. He joined Scripps-Howard in 1921, working for the CLEVELAND PRESS and then the Washington Daily News, where he became city editor. In 1930 he moved to the Scripps-Howard feature service, Newspaper Enterprise Assoc., working both in the New York office as bureau manager and in the Clevel
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Thornton, Tamara
Tamara Thornton teaches nineteenth-century American history at the State University of New York at Buffalo.
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Thorp, Gregory
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Tidwell, John
John Tidwell, a writer and television producer, lives in Maryland.
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Tigay, Alan M.
Alan M. Tigay, who writes frequently about Brazil and trans-American immigration, is the editor of Hadassah Magazine.
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Timberg, Bernard
Bernard Timberg is the author of Television Talk: A History of TV Talk Shows .
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Tindall, George B.
George B. Tindall, professor of history at the University of North Carolina, is the author of South Carolina Negroes, 1877–1900 . He is now working on The Emergence of the New South, 1913–1946 , last of the ten-volume A History of the South (Louisi
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Todd, A. L.
As a small boy, A. L. Todd met the hero of this article, who died in 1935 as a retired major general. Mr. Todd published Abandoned: The Story of The Greely Arctic Expedition 1881-1884 (McGraw-Hil, 1961), based on the General’s unpublished letters, diaries, and papers.
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Toland, John
John Toland, a free-lance writer who lives in Red Bank, New Jersey, is the author of Ships in the Sky: The Story of the Great Dirigibles .
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Toll, Robert C.
Robert C. Toll is the author of Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth-Century America (Oxford University Press, 1974) and On With the Show!: The First Century of Show Business in America (Oxford University Press, 1976). Much of the material in this article is adapted from those
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Tolley, Adm Kemp
A 1929 graduate of Annapolis, Admiral Tolley (1908—2000) was assistant naval attaché in Moscow from 1942 to 1944. He was the author of books on the history of the US Navy, including Yangtze Patrol, Cruise of the Lanikai, Caviar and Commissars: The Experiences of a U.S. Naval Officer in Stalin's Russia (2003).
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Tompkins, Joshua
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Tool, Jean K.
—Jean K. Tool, a retired advertising executive, lives in Colorado.
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Tourtellot, Arthur Bernon
Arthur Bernon Tourtellot (1913-1977) was an editor, author, and television producer who wrote and developed many projects on political and military history including William Diamond’s Drum: The Beginning of the War of the American Revolution (Doubleday, 1959). For further reading:
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Tourtellot, Arthur B.
Mr. Tourtellot’s many books include William Diamond’s Drum: The Beginning of the War of the American Revolution (Doubleday, 1959) and Lexington and Concord (Norton, 1963). His principal sources for this article were memoirs written by Jersey ex-pr
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Townsend, William H.
This article is a slightly modified excerpt from a speech delivered before the Civil War Round Table of Chicago on October 17, 1952, by William H. Townsend of Lexington, lawyer and author of Lincoln, the Litigant, Lincoln and the Bluegrass , and other books, and a member of the National and Kentucky Lincoln Sesquicentenn
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Trask, Richard B.
The town archivist in Danvers, Massachusetts, Richard B. Trask is preparing a book on the photographic history of Kennedy’s assassination.
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Trefethen, James B.
James B. Trefethen is director of publications for the Wildlife Management Institute in Washmgon, D.C., and author of Crusade for Wildlife , a history of wildlife conservation published by the Boone and Crockett Club in 1961.
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Trillin, Calvin
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