- Historic Sites
Ron Chernow is an award-winning American biographer whose first book, The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance, won the National Book Award for nonfiction in 1990. His more recent works have received similar acclaim, including the 1998 biography Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr., and 2
A staff writer for the National Observer and a previous contributor to this magazine, Mr. Chew has been interested in the equine species since he exercised hunters and steeplechasers as a boy in Virginia. He was the recipient of the Magazine Journalism Award of the Thoroughbred Racing Association in ig6g for his article
—Frederick J. Chiaventone, a novelist and screenwriter, is a retired Army officer and professor emeritus of international security affairs at the U.S. Army’s Command and General Staff College. His most recent book, Moon of Bitter Cold , is a novel of Red Cloud’s war.
Marquis W. Childs is Washington correspondent and columnist for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. He has covered Washington since 1934 and is the author of a number of books, best known of which is Sweden—The Middle Way .
Ken Chowder has scripted over 25 documentary films (and one feature film) broadcast on BBC, NBC, TBS, Discovery, A & E, and PBS. His credits include seven films for PBS’ The American Experience, including "John Brown's Holy War", one American Masters,and seven National Geographic films. Mr. Chowder has written three acclaimed novels: Blackbird Days, Delicate Geometry and Jadis. All were publishe
Paul H. Chrystal, Jr., was a member of the FDNY, Engine Company 43, from January 1979 to April 1980, and then of Ladder Company 59, until March 1986. He is currently a fire commissioner in Eastchester, New York.
Allen Churchill has written several books on historical subjects. Among the most recent are The Year the World Went Mad , the story of 1927, and The Improper Bohemians , an account of Greenwich Village in its heyday.
Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., is Curator of American Art at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Neil M. Clark is a free-lance writer living in South Strafford, Vermont.
We are sorry to report that Frank Clark died during the preparation of this article. He had wished to thank Kathy A. Johnson for her help in preparing the initial manuscript, which he called Pilot for Peace .
Earl Clark is a former newspaper editor who now writes free-lance. His article on an 1892 Idaho mine war, “ Shootout in Burke Canyon ,” which appeared in the August, 1971, issue of AMERICAN HERITAGE , won the Spur Award of the Western Writers of America for the best western short sub
“Ronald W. Clark is a British historian, novelist, and biographer. The preceding article was adapted by Mr. Clark from his forthcoming book, Freud: The Man and the Cause , which will be published in June by Random House.
From Voice Across the Sea by Arthur Charles Clarke. Copyright © 1958 by Arthur Charles Clarke. Published by Harper & Brothers. Arthur C. Clarke, an Englishman, has written extensively on science. He is a former chairman of the British Interplanetary Society and a fellow of the Royal Astronom
James M. Clash covers mutual funds and adventure travel at FORBES Magazine in New York City.
George R. Clay, the author of this article on nineteenthcentury children, is a freelance writer who has published short stories in a number of magazines, principally the New Yorker . “I’m currently on the staff of the New York State Historical Association,” he writes, “live in Cooperstown, and have five twentieth
Rudolf A. Clemen is executive vice president of the Society of American Historians. This article is an excerpt from an address before the Historical Society of Princeton.
Robert M. Clements, Jr., is headmaster of Hillbrook School, a country day school in Los Gatos, California.
Clark McAdams Clifford (1906 — 1998) was a highly influential American lawyer who served United States Presidents Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson and Jimmy Carter. He served as White House Counsel from 1946 to 1950 during the Truman Administration. Johnson named him Secretary of Defense in 1968 replacing Robert McNamara during the Vietnam War. After Johnson left office, Clif
Eleanor Clift is a regular panelist on PBS’s “The McLaughlin Group” and is the author of Founding Sisters and the Nineteenth Amendment .
Catherine Clinton is a Professor of History at Queen's University Belfast. She specializes in American History, with an emphasis on the history of the South. She studied sociology and African-American History at Harvard University graduating in 1973.Clinton received her Ph.D from Princeton University, after completing her dissertation on under the direction of James M. McPherson.She has held acade
Mark D. Coburn teaches English at Fort Lewis College, Durango, Colorado, and writes on American topics.
Edward M. Cqffman is a professor of history at the University of Wisconsin and author of The War to End All Wars (Oxford University Press, 1968). The Hodgson letters, previously unpublished, are in the Elsenhower Library in Abilene, Kansas.
Miss Coit, the author of six books, won a Pulitzer prize in 1051 for her biography John C. Calhoun: American Portrait . The quotations from the letters of John and Abigail Adams are reprinted by permission of the publishers from Adams Family Correspondence, I and II , L. H. Butterfield,
A specialist in Alaskan history, Terrence Cole has just published a biography of E. T. Barnette, the founder of Fairbanks.
After working on country newspapers for twenty-five years, John N. Cole now writes a column for the Maine Times and articles for magazines.
Jane Colihan served as a Senior Editor at American Heritage.
Ace Collins is the author of Songs Sung Red, White, and Blue: The Stories Behind America’s Best-Loved Patriotic Songs .
—Terry Golway is the city editor of the New York Observer and the author of The Irish in America (Hyperion) and Irish Rebel (St. Martin’s).
Mr. Colwell, formerly a mechanical engineer, died in 1967. In preparing this narrative about his maternal grandfather he was assisted by his brother, Hubert Emmett Colwell, a retired army officer who lives in Stuyvesant, New York.
Stiles Tuttle Colwill is curator of paintings at the Maryland Historical Society.
A longtime member of the editorial advisory board of AMERICAN HERITAGE, Henry Steele Commager (1902-1998) taught at New York University, Columbia, and Amherst College, and authored more than forty books. He first gained attention in 1930 as co-author, with Harvard historian Samuel Eliot Morison, of The Growth of the American Republic, which became a standard textbook for
Oliver Conant is a New York-based writer and critic.
Manuel A. Conley, a career Army officer, frequently writes of military history.
When Joseph Conlin is not writing labor history or teaching it at California State University, Chico, he is eating all the oyster he can get his hands on.
Fred J. Cook was a longtime staff writer for the New York World Telegram and Sun. Called by Studs Terkel "the finest investigative reporter in the land," Cook was the author of 45 books, including The Nightmare Decade (Random House, 1971), abou
Jacob E. Cooke, an instructor of history at Columbia University, is currently serving as assistant editor of The Papers of Alexander Hamilton which will be published in the future by the Columbia University Press.
James Cooler, a retired lawyer, has spent most of his career in government service. This is his first magazine article.
E. N. Coons is the author of 36 Hours of Hell, an autobiographical story about how he survived a blizzard in Colorado as a young boy in 1931.
Joseph H. Cooper is editorial counsel of The New Yorker magazine and teaches law and journalism at Yale University.
Charles Henry Powers Copeland is Curator of Maritime History and Librarian of the Peabody Museum of Salem, Mass.
Christopher Corbett, a former news editor and reporter, is author most recently of The Poker Bride: The First Chinese in the Wild West (Atlantic Monthly 2010) and Orphans Preferred: The Twisted Truth and Lasting Legend of the Po
Joseph J. Corn teaches American Studies at Stanford University and is finishing a book on aviation and society.
David T. Courtwright is a professor of history at the University of North Florida. This article is adapted from his book Violent Land: Single Men and Social Disorder From the Frontier to the Inner City , to be published by Harvard University Press in November.
Micahel Teague is a British photojournalist now working in Washington, D.C.; Zélide Cowan, his sister, lives in London. A seletion of Captain William Buck’s colors is currently on exhibit at the Shepherd Gallery in New York City.
Ruth Schwartz Cowan is a professor of history and director of women’s studies at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. This article previously appeared in the spring 1987 issue of our sister publication, American Heritage of Invention & Technology .
Mark Cowick is a photographer living in Austin, Texas, who often prowls the back roads of Central Texas.
Malcolm Cowley (1898 – 1989) was an American novelist, poet, literary critic, and journalist. He was a leading chronicler and editor of "Lost Generation" writers. During 1920s Cowley lived in Paris and became friends with Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, John Dos Passos, Ezra Pound, E. E. Cummings, and others. His 1934 book Exile's Return wa
Robert Cowley, who was a student of Archibald MacLeish’s at Harvard, is now an editor at Random House.
Paul Critchlow is Senior Vice President, Communications & Public Affairs, for Merrill Lynch. He is back at work in his office overlooking Ground Zero.
Harry H. Crosby is assistant professor at the State University of Iowa and author of a forthcoming life of Clarence King.
Alfred W. Crosby teaches American studies at the University of Texas at Austin and is the author, most recently, of The Measure of Reality: Quantification and Western Society, 1250-1600 (Cambridge University Press). He wishes to thank Leonard E Ralston, a retired professor of the history department of the State Universi
Wilbur Cross, an author and editor living in Bronxville, New York, has written several books, mainly on historical topics. Among them are the American Heritage Junior Library Naval Battles and Heroes, and White House Weddings , published last November by McKay. His sources for this article include Frank Luther Mott’s
—Gary Cross, a historian at Pennsylvania State University, is the author of Kids’ Stuff: Toys and the Changing World of American Childhood .
Beginning in 1998, Crouch has served as the Senior Curator of the Division of Aeronautics at the National Air and Space Museum. A Smithsonian employee since 1974, he has served both the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) and the National Museum of American History (NMAH) in curatorial and administrative posts. (1973-1974).He is the author or editor of more than 18 books and over 100 articles for
When, inevitably, the war came, John Culbertson was living in the mining town of Cripple Creek, Colorado; he walked all the way to Leavenworth, Kansas, to enlist in a cavalry regiment, in which he served for four years. He was badly wounded but recovered and became a Presbyterian missionary, first in South Dakota, afterward in Siam. There he met and mar
Mr. Gumming, professor emeritus of English at Davidson College in North Carolina, is the author of The Southeast in Early Maps and of numerous other books and articles on the cartography of North America. Mrs. Gumming, his research assistant, has taught English at Smith and at Queens College in Charlotte.
Marcus Cunliffe is University Professor at George Washington University. He was born and educated in England.
Mr. Cunningham owns and operates a photo-engraving business in the town of Stillwater in his native Oklahoma. In his spare time he is a free-lance writer on the American past and a collector of historical photographs; he now owns more than ten thousand glass negatives. He is the author of Indian Territory: A Frontier Photograph
Mr. Cunningham recently completed a term as president of the New Jersey Historical Society. He is the author of several books, including New Jersey: America’s Main Road (Doubleday, 1966), a history of the state. He did much of his research for this article at the Henry E. Huntington Library in San Marino, California.
Dan Cupper is the author of Pennsylvania Turnpike—A History , which will be published in May by Applied Arts Publishers, of Lebanon, Pennsylvania.
During the academic year just concluded Richard N. Current, professor of history at the University of Wisconsin, served as Harmsworth professor of American history at Oxford University. Among his books are Daniel Webster and the Rise of National Conservatism . He is co-author, with the late J. G. Randall, of
Edith Roelker Curtis of Dublin, New Hampshire, has recently completed a study of the Ripleys and Brook Farm. She has published biographies of Anne Hutchinson and Lady Sarah Lennox, and contributes to various quarterlies. For information on Christopher Cranch and for assistance in locating his transcendentalist drawings we are indebted to F. De Wolfe Mil
The late Charles P. Curtis, who died this past December, was a distinguished Boston attorney and the author of a number of books, including The Oppenheimer Case, Lions Under the Throne , and (with Ferris Greenslet) The Practical Cogitator , an anthology. Claude Moore Fuess, the headmast
Bruce Curtis, author of William Graham Sumner , is a professor of American thought and language at Michigan State University.
Wayne Curtis is a freelance journlist and a frequent contributor to The Atlantic, Preservation, and Down East. He frequently writes about travel, history, historic preservation, and architecture, and published And a Bottle of Rum: A History of the New World in Ten Cocktails in 2006.
Lawrence B. Custer practices law in Marietta, Georgia, and is chairman of the board of trustees of the recently formed Georgia Legal History Foundation.
(Charles L. C’utler, it’ho is an editor for American Education Publications, icon runner-up honors as a youth in the Massachusetts junior chess champions/up.
Paul Russell Cutright, professor of biology at Beaver College in Glenside, Pennsylvania, is the author of two books, The Great Naturalists Explore South America and Theodore Roosevelt the Naturalist . For much of the technical information in this article he is indebted to Dr. R. G. Will
Virginius Dabney was editor of the Richmond Times-Dispatch for 33 years and a winner of the Pulitzer Prize for his editorial writing. He was the author of a dozen books including Virginia: The New Dominion, Richmond: The Story of a City, and The Jefferson Scandals, a Rebuttal, which was a refutation of
Curtis Dahl, Samuel Valentine Cole Professor of English Literature at Wheaton College, in Norton, Massachusetts, is a previous contributor and the author of several critical works on American literature.
Robert Daley, European sports correspondent for the New York Times , has been writing since he was twelve, at which age he started a novel called Mike Wynne’s Bike Trip , first of a projected twenty-volume series. But after five chapters, he says, “I decided it was childish and gave
Robert Dallek, finalist for the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power (HarperCollins 2007) and winner of the 1979 Bancroft Prize for Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932–1945 (Oxford Unive
Matthew Dallek, a Richard Hof stadter Fellow in American history at Columbia University, is writing his dissertation on Brown, Reagan, and the failure of liberalism.
Allan L. Damon was a teacher of American Studies at Horace Greeley High School and a Contributing Editor of AMERICAN HERITAGE. Mr. Damon authored The Great Red Scare in 1968.
English-born George Dangerfield (Oxon. 1927), who is now an American citizen, won both the Bancroft and Pulitzer prizes in 1953 for his study of the Monroe-Adams period, The Era of Good Feelings . He is currently at work on an extended biography of Robert Livingston.
The article is based on a chapter from Pete Daniel’s The Shadow of Slavery : Peonage in the South , 1901–1969, to be published soon by the University of Illinois Press. Dr. Daniel is a Southerner who has worked as an assistant editor on the Booker T. Washington Papers, and is now assistant professor of history at the
A native of North Carolina and one of America’s eminent journalists, Jonathan Worth Daniels is the editor of the Raleigh News and Observer. Toward the end of World War II he served as administrative assistant to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He is the author of many books, the most recent of which is The Devil’s Backbone
Elizabeth Daniels, who lives in Gettysburg, is working on a book about the effects of the battle on the town and its people. Many of the children’s accounts quoted here have been preserved by the Adams County (Pennsylvania) Historical Society.
Marshall B. Davidsoris article on the new American Wing at the Metropolitan Museum appeared in our April/May, 1980, issue.
Carla Davidson formerly served as Senior Editor at American Heritage and has been a frequent contributor to The New York Times.
Curtis Carroll Davis is a writer on Southern literature and history, author of Chronicler of Cavaliers .
Kenneth S. Davis, a frequent contributor, wrote “ The Birth of Social Security ” in our April/May 1979 issue.