A British-invasion Time Line


June 19: Ian Whitcomb and Bluesville’s “You Turn Me On” enters the U.S. Top Forty chart. The breathy, novelty B side remains high on the chart for most of the summer, eventually climbing to No. 8.

July 10: “Satisfaction” is the No. 1 U.S. single; Bob Dylan’s Bringing It All Back Home is the No. 1 album in the U.K. Portents.

August 15: The Beatles play Shea Stadium; 55,600 screaming fans, the largest audience for a rock concert to date, completely drown out the band. This month, their second film, Help , opens in the States.

August 21: The Rolling Stones’ Out of Our Heads , an LP containing “Satisfaction,” reaches No. 1 on the U.S. album chart.

September 23: The Yardbirds (with Jeff Beck replacing Eric Clapton) perform “Heart Full of Soul,” their single that will go on to break into the Top Ten, on “Shindig.”

October 2: The Who debut “I Can’t Explain” for American audiences on “Shindig.” The band won’t have a chart hit for two more years. This week Help is the No. 1 pop LP in both the U.K. and the U.S.

November 6: Bill Graham produces his first rock concert at San Francisco’s Fillmore Auditorium, signaling the start of the psychedelic sound’s rise and the end of the British Invasion. Performing that night: prototypical U.S. bands, the Grateful Dead, the Jefferson Airplane, the Charlatans.

November 30: Rolling Stones play Denver. State government surrenders, declaring this to be Rolling Stones Day in Colorado.

December 4: The Kinks enter the Hot Hundred with “Well Respected Man,” a caustic bit of social commentary on British life using mostly three chords.

December 18: Both sides of the Beatles’ new single, “We Can Work It Out"/"Day Tripper,” enter the Top Hundred and will stay there for months on their way to Top Five positions.

December 24: The Beatles’ LP Rubber Soul goes gold and also marks a new maturity in the group’s songwriting. They are drafted as generational spokesmen.

December 31: By year’s end the Stones have produced a total of ten Hot Hundred singles, the Dave Clark Five eight Top Ten records, and the Beatles twenty-six Top Forty singles along with several gold albums. Yet in 1965 significantly fewer British acts broke into the American market than in 1964. The year 1966 will bring the end of the Beatles’ touring and the flowering of the American psychedelic movement in pop music. You say goodbye, and I say hello.

—Robert Love