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    History in 7th Aug

  • Sheridan takes control of Army of Shenandoah

    Union General Philip Sheridan is given command of the Army of the Shenandoah. Sheridan's men attacked several Confederate outfits in the Shenandoah Valley, disrupting the supply lines that fed and armed the Army of Northern Virginia during its time defending Petersburg. 

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  • Guadalcanal begins
    August 7, 1942—The first U.S. Marines land on Guadalcanal, one of the Solomon Islands located 1,000 miles northeast of Australia, beginning a seven-month campaign that was pivotal to checking Japan’s Pacific expansion.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    August 7, 1964—Following a North Vietnamese naval attack on the U.S. destroyer Maddox, Congress almost unanimously passes the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which authorizes the president to use military force in Southeast Asia without a formal declaration of war.

  • Washington creates Purple Heart

    General George Washington created the Purple Heart, originally the "Badge for Military Merit."
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  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed

    Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Johnson the power to oppose "communist aggression" in Southeast Asia.

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  • Teddy Roosevelt nominated as Bull Moose Candidate

    After failing to oust President William H. Taft from the Republican Party ticket, former President Theodore Roosevelt founds the Progressive Party, which was later nicknamed the "Bull Moose" Party. Roosevelt and Taft split the Republican vote and both were ultimately defeated by Democrat Woodrow Wilson.

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  • Invasion of Guadalcanal

    In the first U.S. land offensive of World War II, the United States 1st Marine Division invades Japanese-controlled Guadalcanal, one of the Solomon Islands.

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