W. A. Swanberg has written highly acclaimed biographies of two American journalists, William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, and is now at work on a third, on the late Henry Luce of Time, Inc. A major souce for this article was They Came to Kill , by Eugene, Rachlis (Random House, 1961). Three of the key participants in the affair later wrote their own accounts: Francis Biddle in In Brief Authority (Doubleday, 1962), Georg Johann Dasch in Eight Spies Against America (McBride, 1959), and former provost marshal Albert M. Cox in “The Saboteur Story” in the Records of the Columbia Historical Society , 1961. In addition to consulting these and other pertinent books and articles, Mr. Swanberg corresponded with F.B.I. Director J. Edgar Hoover and interviewed both former coastguardsman Cullen and former Attorney General Biddle.
Wartime America’s nerves were jumpy. One foggy night on a deserted Long Island beach a young coastguardsman heard the muffled engines of a submarine offshore, and suddenly eight shadowy figures loomed up out of the mist