Joyce Lee Malcolm is a historian and constitutional scholar specializing in British and Colonial American History. Malcolm focuses on the development of individual rights and on war and society. She is the Patrick Henry Professor of Constitutional Law and the Second Amendment at Antonin Scalia Law School, George Mason University as well as the author of eight books and numerous articles. Her book, To Keep and Bear Arms: The Origins of an Anglo-American Right, was published by Harvard University Press and cited by the majority in both Supreme Court landmark opinions on the Second Amendment: District of Columbia v. Heller and McDonald v. City of Chicago. She is a member of the National Council on the Humanities.