Skip to main content

1965 Twenty-five Years Ago

March 2023
1min read

NASA launched the first commercial satellite from Cape Kennedy on April 6. The Communications Satellite Corporation, a privately owned company that paid the government to put its eighty-five-pound Early Bird satellite into orbit, predicted the Comsat and others like it would revolutionize telephone, television, and teletype communications between distant parts of the world. “My goodness, now we’ll be able to call everybody!” said Vice-President Hubert Humphrey. “I don’t know if this is a good thing or not. We have enough telephone calls in the office already.”

∗Jack Nicklaus won the Masters golf tournament on April 11 in Augusta, Georgia. His score of 271 was a tournament record.

∗On April 26 at Carnegie Hall, Leopold Stokowski conducted the American Symphony Orchestra in the premiere performance of the Fourth Symphony of Charles Ives, who had died in 1954. The symphony, written between 1910 and 1916, had been reconstructed over the course of eleven years from fragments of rough manuscript that Ives had left to the Yale University Library. Further complicating the process was the complexity of the music itself, which at one point had twentyseven different rhythms going simultaneously and required the assistance of two subordinate conductors. Harold C. Schonberg’s review of the performance in The New York Times described a work of “wild polyrhythms, clumps of tonalities that clash like army against army, Whitmanesque yawps and—suddenly— the quiet of a New England church.”

Ives was an insurance man who wrote mercilessly complex music in his free hours and on weekends. Some of his compositions were simply unplayable. “Is it the composer’s fault that man has only ten fingers?” he once asked. An unabashedly American sensibility shone through all of Ives’s music, no matter how experimental; his most atonal pieces integrated themes from the hymns, folk songs, and patriotic marches he had grown up with.

—Arthur Nielsen

We hope you enjoy our work.

Please support this 72-year tradition of trusted historical writing and the volunteers that sustain it with a donation to American Heritage.


Stories published from "April 1990"

Authored by: John McDonough

It is to the U.S. Air Force what Normandy is to the U.S. Army. The monuments are harder to find, but if you’re willing to leave the main roads, you will discover a countryside still eloquent of one of the greatest military efforts in history.

Authored by: The Editors

Women Who Opened the West

Authored by: Lawrence Block

A novelist turned compulsive traveler tracks a peculiar quarry all across America

Authored by: Walter Karp

When Pierre S. du Pont bought the deteriorated Longwood Gardens in 1906, he thought that owning property was a sign of mental derangement. Still, he worked hard to create a stupendous fantasy garden, a place, he said, “where I can entertain my friends.”

Authored by: Bill Merrell

The author leads a search for hidden treasure in the amazingly complete documentary history of a California ghost town

Authored by: Thomas Fleming

A novelist and historian takes us on a tour of the Academy at Annapolis, where American history encompasses the history of the world.

Featured Articles

Famous writers including Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, and the Alcotts turned Sleepy Hollow Cemetery into our country’s first conservation project.

Native American peoples and the lands they possessed loomed large for Washington, from his first trips westward as a surveyor to his years as President.

In his Second Inaugural Address, Abraham Lincoln embodied leading in a time of polarization, political disagreement, and differing understandings of reality.

A hundred years ago, America was rocked by riots, repression, and racial violence.

During Pres. Washington’s first term, an epidemic killed one tenth of all the inhabitants of Philadelphia, then the capital of the young United States.

Now a popular state park, the unassuming geological feature along the Illinois River has served as the site of centuries of human habitation and discovery.  

The recent discovery of the hull of the battleship Nevada recalls her dramatic action at Pearl Harbor and ultimate revenge on D-Day as the first ship to fire on the Nazis.

Our research reveals that 19 artworks in the U.S. Capitol honor men who were Confederate officers or officials. What many of them said, and did, is truly despicable.

Here is probably the most wide-ranging look at Presidential misbehavior ever published in a magazine.

When Germany unleashed its blitzkreig in 1939, the U.S. Army was only the 17th largest in the world. FDR and Marshall had to build a fighting force able to take on the Nazis, against the wishes of many in Congress.

Roast pig, boiled rockfish, and apple pie were among the dishes George and Martha enjoyed during the holiday in 1797. Here are some actual recipes.

Born during Jim Crow, Belle da Costa Greene perfected the art of "passing" while working for one of the most powerful men in America.