Dubbed the “AAA guide for black people,” the underground travel manual encapsulated how automobile travel expanded—and limited— African American lives under Jim Crow.
For most of the 1800s, whites in blackface performed in widely popular minstrel shows, creating racist stereotypes that endured for more than a century.
He was a lieutenant in the Army of the United States: he saw no reason to sit in the back of the bus
More than the Revolution, more than the Constitutional Convention, it was the crucial test of the American nation. The author of Battle Cry of Freedom, the most successful recent book on the subject, explains why the issues that fired the Civil War are as urgent in 1990 as they were in 1861.
Thirty years ago John Howard Griffin, a white Texan, became an itinerant Southern black for four weeks. His account of the experience galvanized the nation.
The United States had promised black soldiers that they would be paid as much as whites. Sergeant Walker believed that promise.
“Why hasn't the stereotype faded away as real cowboys become less and less typical of Western life? Because we can't or won't do without it, obviously.”
Whatever you were taught or thought you knew about the post-Civil War era is probably wrong in the light of recent study
A century after passage of the Fifteenth Amendment, many Southern blacks still were denied the vote. In 1965 Martin Luther King, Jr, set out to change that—by marching through the heart of Alabama.
In the 19th Century, white performers invented the minstrel show, the first uniquely American entertainment form
The black laborers on John Williams’ plantation never seemed to leave or complain. It took some digging to find out why
When one weary woman refused to be harassed out of her seat in the bus, the whole shaky edifice of Jim Crow began to totter
For some men the only solution to the dilemma of blacks and whites together was for the blacks to go back where they came from
One morning Cadet Johnson Whittaker was found battered and bleeding, trussed to his barracks bed. Who had done it, and why?