Skip to main content

Fairfax Stone State Park

Fairfax Stone State Park

The Fairfax Stone is one of the oldest markers in the United States.  It marks marks the boundary between Maryland and West Virginia, the headwaters of the Potomac River, and the junction of Grant, Preston and Tucker Counties.

Fairfax Stone State Park, a 4-acre West Virginia State park, is located just off of Route 219 about four miles north of Thomas, WV.

In 1681, King Charles II of England gave Lord Hopton a 6-million-acre tract of land lying between the Rappahannock and Potomac Rivers. The land eventually descended to Thomas, Lord Fairfax, Sixth Baron of Cameron, who petitioned King George II to survey his vast estate in 1733.

Finally in 1746, the original Fairfax Stone was placed to mark the "believed" headwaters of the Potomac River, delineating the once disputed boundary between West Virginia and Maryland.

We hope you enjoy our work.

Please support this 72-year tradition of trusted historical writing and the volunteers that sustain it with a donation to American Heritage.


Featured Articles

Rarely has the full story been told about how a famed botanist, a pioneering female journalist, and First Lady Helen Taft battled reluctant bureaucrats to bring Japanese cherry trees to Washington. 

The world’s most prominent actress risked her career by standing up to one of Hollywood’s mega-studios, proving that behind the beauty was also a very savvy businesswoman. 

Often thought to have been a weak president, Carter was strong-willed in doing what he thought was right, regardless of expediency or the political fallout.

Why have thousands of U.S. banks failed over the years? The answers are in our history and politics.

In his Second Inaugural Address, Abraham Lincoln embodied leading in a time of polarization, political disagreement, and differing understandings of reality.